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1.
In this work,a force measurement system is proposed to measure the thrust of plasma micro-thruster with thrust magnitude ranging from sub-micro-Newtons to hundreds micro-Newtons.The thrust measurement system uses an elastic torsional pendulum structure with a capacitance sensor to measure the displacement,which can reflect the position change caused by the applied force perpendicular to the pendulum axis.In the open-loop mode,the steady-state thrust or the impulse of the plasma micro-thruster can be obtained from the swing of the pendulum,and in the closed-loop mode the steady-state thrust can be obtained from the feedback force that keeps the pendulum at a specific position.The thrust respond of the system was calibrated using an electrostatic weak force generation device.Experimental results show that the system can measure a thrust range from 0 to 200 μN in both open-loop mode and closed-loop mode with a thrust resolution of 0.1 μN,and the system can response to a pulse bit at the magnitude of 0.1 μN s generated by a micro cathode arc thruster.The background noise of the closed-loop mode is lower than that of the open-loop mode,both less than 0.1 μN//√Hz in the range of 10 mHz to 5 Hz.  相似文献   
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3.
When we speak about capacitance moisture meters for bulk materials we have to face with different values of dielectric permittivity for different bulk materials in dehydrated state, what causes a method error that can be named ‘type uncertainty’. Besides, different varieties of the same material have different values of dielectric permittivity, which depend from geographical origin, processing conditions etc. It can be hardly predicted automatically and type uncertainty can be compensated only in separate situations with the help of preliminary calibration. Main tasks of the research are to develop new comparison principle of moisture measurement with better accuracy due to effective compensation of physical, chemical and granulometric composition influence on the result of moisture measurement, develop new primary and secondary instrument transducers. Moisture sensor consists of four measuring capacitors. Two of them should be filled with a sample, which moisture content should be determined, and other pair of measuring capacitors should be filled with a same substance, but previously dehydrated. Mathematical models, developed to take into account granulometric composition of a bulk material were used to carry out a comparison analysis for three types of instrument measuring transducers. Obtained results proved that suggested principle of moisture measurement provides effective compensation of granulometric composition influence. Developed measuring principle had been experimentally tested what helped to confirm that it provides two times better compensation of different physical and chemical composition for different materials in comparison with the direct comparison method.  相似文献   
4.
陈悦  沈捷  黄永仲  覃明智 《柴油机》2020,42(2):45-50
基于AVL-EXCITE软件搭建了YC12VC发电用高速柴油机轴系动力学模型,其模拟值与试验值吻合性较好,验证了该模型可以较好地模拟不同工况条件下轴系的运动情况。基于平衡性和均匀发火等原则,设计了8种不同的发火顺序,并针对轴承受力、轴承润滑、轴系扭振和转速不均匀性开展影响规律研究。结果表明:通过发火顺序的优化,在保证最大主轴承负荷和最小油膜厚度满足设计要求的前提下,标定工况下的曲轴扭振总振幅从0.465°降低到0.259°,转速不均匀系数从0.018降低到0.009。  相似文献   
5.
In this paper, a STATCOM (static synchronous compensator) is used to encounter the potential SSR (subsynchronous resonance) observed by IG (Induction Generator) based series compensated wind farms. The basic controller used for STATCOM control is identical to that of the literature. An idea of a unique meta‐heuristic swarm‐based optimization technique called BFOA (bacterial foraging optimization algorithm) based optimal‐controller is introduced for optimal parameter selection of the basic controller used in the control scheme of the STATCOM. The investigation is carried out with 500 MW IG‐based wind farm exposed to three‐phase LLL‐G fault close to the PCC (point of common coupling) and implemented with MATLAB in both steady and transient states for the three different cases, namely, without STATCOM, with the basic STATCOM controller, and in the presence of the proposed BFOA‐optimal controller‐based STATCOM. In both the states, the observed eigenvalues of the test system, together with the time domain results of the generator rotor dynamics for three distinct cases, reveals the effectiveness of the suggested BFOA‐optimal controller tuned STATCOM in mitigating the potential SSR.  相似文献   
6.
扭转刚度是影响机器人运动精度、定位精度和重复定位精度的重要参数之一,本文通过对RV减速器内部齿轮副啮合刚度和各类型轴承刚度理论计算,提出了建立两个RV减速器虚拟样机,即在齿轮传动专业软件Romax中建立虚拟样机1,计算出系统变形引起的扭转刚度K1;同时在通用仿真动力学软件中建立虚拟样机2,计算出RV减速器回滞曲线,通过回滞曲线计算出扭转刚度K2,采用弹簧串联原理,计算了RV减速器扭转刚度K并通过试验验证了此方法的正确性。  相似文献   
7.
为研究超声换能器结构参数对聚合物超声塑化过程黏弹性生热的影响,首先确定超声黏弹性生热系统的组成,进行纵振超声换能器结构设计;然后分析超声黏弹性生热过程及超声黏弹性生热原理;最后采用单一变量法分析超声换能器的主要结构参数对其纵振频率及工具头前端质点最大振幅的影响,将其实际输出的纵振激励加载于熔融聚合物,研究其结构参数对聚合物超声黏弹性生热过程及达到聚合物玻璃化转变温度所用时间的影响。结果表明,随纵振激励作用时间的增加,聚合物温度非线性升高;放大比对聚合物温度变化影响最大,前盖板厚度和工具头长度次之,影响最小的是变幅杆长度。  相似文献   
8.
采用由压电传感器组成的十字形阵列进行Lamb波信号的激励和接收,提出一种二维多重信号分类(2D-MUSIC)方法对铝板中的缺陷进行定位检测。选用合适的频率激励产生单一模态信号,可避免多模态的影响,降低Lamb波的频散;利用2D-MUSIC算法对接收信号进行分段处理,并结合反射信号和二维导向矢量对铝板中的缺陷进行定位。结果表明,提出的2D-MUSIC算法对铝板中的缺陷定位比传统MUSIC算法更精准。  相似文献   
9.
由声表面波(Surface Acoustic Wave)器件发展而来的叉指换能器(Interdigital Transducer,IDT)由于其工作频率可以设计、频带宽可调、损耗低等特点逐步应用于结构健康监测(Structural Health Monitoring,SHM)系统中,因此在智能材料与结构中有着广泛的应用前景。本文针对现有矩形IDT带宽窄的不足,研究宽频带梯形叉指换能器(Trapezoidal Interdigital Transducer,TIDT)。采用有限元分析方法对TIDT的尺寸进行结构优化设计,并对设计的TIDT进行性能测试,通过实验研究了TIDT用于结构损伤检测的初步应用。实验结果表明,TIDT在实际应用中进一步提高了损伤识别精度,具有广泛的应用前景。  相似文献   
10.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(9):12028-12037
Longitudinal torsional ultrasonic-assisted grinding (LTUG) is one of the main methods to achieve high-quality and high-efficiency machining of high-performance ceramic materials. However, it isn't easy to accurately characterize the three-dimensional (3-D) surface topography due to multiple random factors during LTUG. Aiming at the complex surface features caused by multiple random factors in the LTUG of Si3N4 ceramics, a probabilistic algorithm for the height of residual material on the surface (HRMS) in LTUG of Si3N4 ceramic was proposed, and the prediction model for the 3-D surface topography and 3-D surface roughness parameters of Si3N4 ceramics in LTUG was established by using this algorithm. Simulation and experimental results show that the prediction model of 3-D surface topography and 3-D surface roughness established by the HRMS algorithm can more realistically predict the general characteristics of 3-D surface topography in LTUG under different process parameters, and the error range of the 3-D surface roughness parameter is 0–14.07%, which realizes the high-precision and high-reliability prediction of the 3-D surface topography and 3-D surface roughness parameters of the Si3N4 ceramic under LTUG.  相似文献   
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