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1.
Mechanical vibrations seem to affect the behaviour of different cell types and the functions of different organs. Pressure waves, including acoustic waves (sounds), could affect cytoskeletal molecules via coherent changes in their spatial organization and mechano-transduction signalling. We analyzed the sounds spectra and their fractal features. Cardiac muscle HL1 cells were exposed to different sounds, were stained for cytoskeletal markers (phalloidin, beta-actin, alpha-tubulin, alpha-actinin-1), and studied with multifractal analysis (using FracLac for ImageJ). A single cell was live-imaged and its dynamic contractility changes in response to each different sound were analysed (using Musclemotion for ImageJ). Different sound stimuli seem to influence the contractility and the spatial organization of HL1 cells, resulting in a different localization and fluorescence emission of cytoskeletal proteins. Since the cellular behaviour seems to correlate with the fractal structure of the sound used, we speculate that it can influence the cells by virtue of the different sound waves’ geometric properties that we have photographed and filmed. A theoretical physical model is proposed to explain our results, based on the coherent molecular dynamics. We stress the role of the systemic view in the understanding of the biological activity.  相似文献   
2.
基于GA-BP的汽车风振噪声声品质预测模型   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
目前对于汽车风振噪声的优化研究主要以声压级(Sound pressure level,SPL)作为单一评价指标,既不能全面反映噪声的物理属性,也无法考虑人耳对噪声的主观认知过程。为准确评价风振噪声,引入声品质,运用大涡模拟(Large eddy simulation,LES)对风振噪声进行数值仿真,根据实车道路试验判断仿真的准确性;对仿真结果进行声品质客观评价与主观评价,综合声品质客观评价参数与声品质主观评价试验结果建立BP神经网络预测模型;利用遗传算法(Genetic algorithm,GA),进一步对BP神经网络的结构参数进行优化,建立GA-BP声品质预测模型。研究结果表明,GA-BP声品质预测模型在训练速度和预测精度上都优于BP神经网络预测模型。预测模型基于声品质主客观评价结果,其预测值可以代替传统的声压级评价指标,为风振噪声提供更为准确合理的评价。  相似文献   
3.
This paper outlines changes to the ocular surface caused by contact lenses and their degree of clinical significance. Substantial research and development to improve oxygen permeability of rigid and soft contact lenses has meant that in many countries the issues caused by hypoxia to the ocular surface have largely been negated. The ability of contact lenses to change the axial growth characteristics of the globe is being utilised to help reduce the myopia pandemic and several studies and meta-analyses have shown that wearing orthokeratology lenses or soft multifocal contact lenses can reduce axial length growth (and hence myopia).However, effects on blinking, ptosis, the function of Meibomian glands, fluorescein and lissamine green staining of the conjunctiva and cornea, production of lid-parallel conjunctival folds and lid wiper epitheliopathy have received less research attention. Contact lens wear produces a subclinical inflammatory response manifested by increases in the number of dendritiform cells in the conjunctiva, cornea and limbus. Papillary conjunctivitis is also a complication of all types of contact lenses. Changes to wear schedule (daily disposable from overnight wear) or lens materials (hydrogel from SiHy) can reduce papillary conjunctivitis, but the effect of such changes on dendritic cell migration needs further study. These changes may be associated with decreased comfort but confirmatory studies are needed. Contact lenses can affect the sensitivity of the ocular surface to mechanical stimulation, but whether these changes affect comfort requires further investigation.In conclusion, there have been changes to lens materials, design and wear schedules over the past 20+ years that have improved their safety and seen the development of lenses that can reduce the myopia development. However, several changes to the ocular surface still occur and warrant further research effort in order to optimise the lens wearing experience.  相似文献   
4.
5.
为实现太阳模拟器的大辐照面积均匀照明,研究了大面积发散太阳模拟器光学系统的设计与仿真。分析了复眼透镜阵列组与发散投影系统工作原理及旁瓣效应产生机理;基于嵌套建模思想,结合多项式拟合方法,得出了氙灯轴上强度分布曲线,并根据氙灯发光能量对称性质,实现了氙灯空间光强分布模拟;结合提出的光学系统设计边界条件与参数,设计了光束整形系统、复眼透镜阵列组和发散投影系统。实验结果表明:当工作距离为20000mm,辐照面直径1500mm范围内,辐照均匀度为92.8%,满足了大面积发散太阳模拟器均匀照明的使用需求。  相似文献   
6.
以再生聚酯瓶片料和泡料混合料为原料进行并列复合纺丝,并经后纺工艺处理得到并列复合再生聚酯短纤维。通过对纤维进行干热定形,研究热定形温度、时间对并列复合再生聚酯短纤的强伸性能、卷曲性能和热收缩性能的影响。结果表明:聚酯短纤维的断裂强度和断裂伸长率随着热定形温度升高而增大;断裂强度随热定形时间的延长逐渐下降,断裂伸长率先增大后减小,在20 min时达到最大值,为17.4%,声速取向因子则随着热定形时间的延长呈现下降趋势。纤维的卷曲性能随着热定形温度的升高而改善,较短的时间内,纤维的卷曲性能已经达到最佳;热定形温度的升高使纤维的热收缩率增大;并列复合再生聚酯短纤维的最佳热定形温度是140~160℃,最佳定形时间为10 min。  相似文献   
7.
PurposeTo investigate the relationship between the real contact lens imprint into the conjunctival tissue, observed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and conjunctival staining and contact lens wearing comfort.Methods17 participants (mean age = 26.6 SD ± 3.6 years; 7 females) were fitted with three different contact lenses base curves of the same silicone hydrogel custom lens type (Visell 50; Hecht Contactlinsen, Au, Germany) in a randomised order. One lens was optimally fitted according to the manufacturer's recommendation, one fitted 0.4 mm flatter and one fitted 0.4 mm steeper. After 4 h of lens wear the contact lens edge in the area of the conjunctiva was imaged nasally and temporally using OCT (Optovue iVue SD-OCT). To correct the artefact due to optical distortion with OCT, the imprint of all worn lenses was measured on a glass plate afterwards. Conjunctival staining in the limbal region after 4 h of lens wear was classified using the CCLRU Grading Scale. Comfort scoring was based on visual analog scales from 0 (very poor) to 100 (excellent).ResultsThe mean conjunctival imprint of all contact lens edges was 32.0 ± 8.1 μm before and 7.3 ± 6.5 μm after distortion correction of the OCT images. The distortion corrected conjunctival imprint with the 0.4 mm steeper lens (11.5 ± 6.2 μm) was statistically significantly greater compared to the optimally fitted lens (6.5 ± 5.9 μm) (One-way ANOVA followed Tukey-test; p = 0.017) and greater compared to the 0.4 mm flatter lens (3.9 ± 5.3 μm) (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the optimally fitted lens and the 0.4 mm flatter lens (p = 0.209). The nasally measured imprint (11.4 ± 9.0 μm) was significantly greater than the temporally measured (3.3 ± 7.6 μm) (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant correlation between the amount of conjunctival imprint and the graded conjunctival staining (p = 0.346) or the wearer’s comfort (p = 0.735).ConclusionsContact lens edges imaged by OCT exhibited displacement artefacts. The observed conjunctival imprints are a combination of real conjunctival compression and artefacts. A deeper imprint of the contact lens into the conjunctiva caused by a steeper base curve was not related to clinically significant staining or changes in comfort after 4 h of lens wear. The observed differences between nasal and temporal imprint are likely to be caused by variations of conjunctival thickness and the shape of the underlying sclera.  相似文献   
8.
AimThis study aimed to investigate the effect of scleral lens (SL) use on conjunctival microbiota.MethodA total of 26 eyes of 26 patients using an SL and 25 eyes of 25 healthy controls were included in the study. The samples were obtained from the lower fornices of the eyes using sterile swabs. For the bacteriological examination, a bacterial culture was obtained by inoculating the samples on chocolate agar, blood agar, MacConkey agar, and fluid thioglycollate medium. After 24–48 h of incubation at 37 0C, the growth of different colonies of bacteria was identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Bruker MALDI Biotyper).ResultsThe mean age of the study group was 41.6 ± 19.1 years (18–65); the mean age of the control group was 40 ± 6 (21–62) (p = 0.69). There were 10 male patients and 16 female patients in the study group and 9 male patients and 16 female patients in the control group (p = 0.86). The mean duration of SL use was 13.7 ± 13.4 months (1–42 months). No bacterial growth was observed in 17 (65.4 %) of the 26 eyes in the SL group and 5 (20 %) of the 25 eyes in the control group (p = 0.001). The most commonly observed microorganisms were Staphylococcus epidermidis (S.epidermidis) and Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) in both groups.ConclusionSL users were found to have a higher rate of culture negativity in comparison to the healthy controls, suggesting that SLs have a significant effect on conjunctival microbiota.  相似文献   
9.
Introducing electrical conductive function to discharge local piezoelectric effect is found effective for improving airborne sound absorption performance. In this work, instead of conductive fillers, a composite with two piezoelectric materials with opposite piezoelectric responses was explored aiming at enhanced sound absorption effect. Open-cell poly(vinylidene fluoride)/(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (PVDF/KNN)-nanofiber composite foams were proposed and investigated for airborne sound absorption purpose. Structural and thermal analyses showed that the KNN nanofibers were well dispersed in the PVDF matrix and enhanced the degree of crystallinity of polar phase of PVDF. Significantly enhanced airborne sound absorption over a broad frequency range was observed in the PVDF/KNN-nanofiber composite foams, with increasing KNN nanofibers. One possible mechanism for the improved sound absorption with the piezoelectric KNN nanofibers with positive piezoelectric coefficient added in the PVDF matrix with negative piezoelectric coefficient is that electrical discharge could be facilitated for energy dissipation with the opposite charges generated through the piezoelectric effects in the two phases with opposite polarity. The experimental results show that the open-cell PVDF/KNN-nanofiber composite foams are promising for broadband airborne sound absorption application, and our analysis shed a light on the strategy in designing piezoelectric composite foam with high sound absorption performance.  相似文献   
10.
PurposeTo compare the sensitivity of two genotypes of P. aeruginosa to various disinfectant solutions and analyze the attached bacteria on worn cosmetic contact lenses (cosCLs).MethodsIn this prospective study, healthy volunteers wore etafilcon (brown), nelfilcon (gray), or hilafilcon (black) cosCLs and microbial adhesion analysis was performed. A rub-off test determined pigment dislodgement. Disinfectant sensitivity to Optifree Replenish (Alcon), Optifree Pure Moist (Alcon), Renu Fresh (Bausch & Lomb), and AoSept Plus (Ciba Vision) was tested at various disinfection times and compared between various genotypes and Type III secretion (T3S) system mutants.ResultsOf the 1152 cosCLs collected, 364 were culture positive (32%). The highest rate of culture-positive lens was hilafilcon (chi square, P = 0.0001). Hilafilcon also had a significantly greater number of isolates than etafilcon (P < 0.0001). Hilafilcon was the only lens to fail the rub-off test. Cytotoxic strains were significant more resistant to Renu Fresh than were invasive strains, even at 100% of recommended disinfection time (P = 0.0005). Of the tested disinfectants, Renu Fresh was significantly less effective in killing both genotypes of P. aeruginosa compared to AoSept Plus at all time points (25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% recommended disinfection time, P = 0.0001, 0.0001, 0.0005, and 0.0005, respectively). When the T3S system was dysfunctional, mutant strains were all susceptible to disinfectants (P = 0.0001 for both invasive and cytotoxic strains).ConclusionPseudomonas species is commonly found on cosCLs of asymptomatic individuals. Wearers of cosCLs that dislodge pigments may be predisposed to microbial contamination. Cytotoxic strains are more resistant to disinfectant solutions, especially to Renu Fresh. P. aeruginosa disinfectant resistance requires a functional T3S system.  相似文献   
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