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海上风电作为可再生清洁能源之一,受到世界各国的高度重视与大力发展。我国将海上风电提升至解决能源危机、减缓气候变化、调整能源结构的国家战略高度,到2030年我国单位国内生产总值二氧化碳排放将比2005年下降65%以上,非化石能源占一次能源消费比重将达到25%左右。安装平台不足将是我国海上风电场无法如期建成投产的主要障碍。对自升自航式海上风电安装平台系列高端装备及其设计制造的三大技术难题——腿站立作业易“失稳”、大平台大跨距大倾覆力矩自升易“失控”、高空吊装巨型叶片逾百螺栓精准定位易“失准”,以及焊缝缺陷修复和局部裂纹损伤的激光锻造修复再制造进行了介绍,研制的具有不同规格的系列装备在中国、英国、丹麦、德国等国家的著名海上风电场建设应用情况良好。  相似文献   
3.
吴来新 《水泥》2021,(3):69
我公司Φ60 m圆堆取料机取料作业依靠主梁行走机构的圆周运动以及主梁一侧料耙的往复运动合成动作,完成石灰石的取料作业。随着使用年限的增加,料耙下部两滚轮开始出现轴承损坏故障,初期1~2月损坏一次,后期达到每周损坏1~2次,又因滚轮及其备件采购周期长,修复难度大,在修复过程中只能靠装载机上料,不仅影响生产,而且极易损伤皮带输送机。  相似文献   
4.
近年来随着高性能计算技术的不断发展,依托先进的超级计算机和数学物理计算方法,对核反应堆开展多物理、多尺度计算成为前沿研究热点。根据反应堆堆芯多物理耦合分析需求,研究了多物理耦合算法,构建了基于中子输运、燃耗、热工子通道的堆芯多物理耦合系统,完成耦合程序开发,实现中子物理、燃耗、热工子通道的多物理耦合计算。利用压水堆组件模型与快堆模型开展输运-燃耗耦合计算测试和核-热耦合计算测试,初步验证了耦合系统功能。  相似文献   
5.
The effects of particle size and carbon dioxide concentration on chemical conversion in engineered spherical particles undergoing calcium oxide looping are investigated. Particles are thermochemically cycled in a furnace under different carbon dioxide concentrations. Changes in composition due to chemical reactions are measured using thermogravimetric analysis. Gas composition at the furnace exit is evaluated with mass spectroscopy. A numerical model of thermal transport phenomena developed previously is adapted to match the physical system investigated in the present study. The model is used to elucidate effects of reacting medium characteristics on particle temperature and reaction extent. Experimental and numerical results show that (1) an increase in particle size results in a decrease in carbonation extent, and (2) the carbonation step consists of fast and slow reaction regimes. The reaction rates in the fast and slow carbonation regimes increase with increasing carbon dioxide concentration. The effect of carbon dioxide concentration and the distinction between the fast and slow regimes become more pronounced with increasing particle size.  相似文献   
6.
肖晶  吴刚  王海洋  谢霖燊  程乐  郭景海 《兵工学报》2021,42(12):2684-2692
双锥-平面线栅结构的水平极化辐射波天线对辐射场半宽影响较小且架设方便、易于维护,掌握该型天线场分布规律是确定模拟器场均匀区、开展电磁脉冲效应实验的前提。利用天线理论研究双锥-平面线栅天线的场分布规律,结合数值模拟和实际天线试验对理论分析结果进行验证。结果表明:在天线结构和激励电压确定的条件下,双锥中心正下方辐射电场极化分量仅与测点到源的距离相关,二者呈反比;Oxz平面内以双锥中心为圆心的圆弧上任意一点辐射电场极化分量的幅值相等,并在同一时刻达到峰值;Oxz平面内同一水平线上的测点总辐射场幅值相等,方向沿测点所在圆弧的切线方向;各辐射场分量关于Oxz平面和Oyz平面对称分布;对于实际模拟器,地面反射会使辐射场波形下降沿陡降,导致地面附近辐射场半宽变小;线栅极板会影响附近的场分布,且极板外侧4个角点处的反射相对较强,其他位置辐射场分布与理论分析一致。  相似文献   
7.
通过基于高速数字信号处理器的面向多对象数字控制器平台的研制,对TMS320F2812数字信号处理器进行了系统研究和全功能开发,实现了CAN、SPI、SCI等多种总线通信功能,同时实现了对模拟量、数字量和脉宽调制(Pulse Width Modulation,PWM)量等多种被控对象的控制功能,并对控制算法进行了探讨,各项功能均经过试验验证,其技术经验和研究成果已成功应用到相关专业领域.  相似文献   
8.
Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 (x = 0–0.09) ceramics were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction method. The phase composition, sintering characteristics, microstructure and dielectric properties of Ti4+ replacement by Nb5+ in the formed solid solution Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 (x = 0–0.09) ceramics were systematically studied. The structural variations and influence of Nb5+ doping in Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 were also systematically investigated by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, respectively. X-ray diffraction and its Rietveld refinement results confirmed that Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 (x = 0–0.09) ceramics crystallised into an ilmenite-type with R-3 (148) space group. The replacement of the low valence Ti4+ by the high valence Nb5+ can improve the dielectric properties of Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 (x = 0–0.09). This paper also studied the different sintering temperatures for Mg(Ti1-xNbx)O3 (x = 0–0.09) ceramics. The obtained results proved that 1350 °C is the best sintering temperature. The permittivity and Q × f initially increased and then decreased mainly due to the effects of porosity caused by the sintering temperature and the doping amount of Nb2O5, respectively. Furthermore, the increased Q × f is correlated to the increase in Ti–O bond strength as confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, and the electrons generated by the oxygen vacancies will be compensated by Nb5+ to a certain extent to suppress Ti4+ to Ti3+, which was confirmed by XPS. The increase in τf from ?47 ppm/°C to ?40.1 ppm/°C is due to the increment in cell polarisability. Another reason for the increased τf is the reduction in the distortion degree of the [TiO6] octahedral, which was also confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. Mg(Ti0.95Nb0.05)O3 ceramics sintered at 1350 °C for 2 h possessed excellent microwave dielectric properties of εr = 18.12, Q × f = 163618 GHz and τf = ?40.1 ppm/°C.  相似文献   
9.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive hereditary neuromuscular disease. Exon 7 and 8 of survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene or only exon 7 homology deletion leads to the failure to produce a full-length SMN gene. The copy number of SMN2 gene with high homology of SMN1 affects the degree of disease and was the target gene for targeting therapy, in which splicing silencer in intron 7 was the key to suppress the inclusion of exon 7. In this study, we projected to use CRISPR/Case 9 for the targeted editing of intronic-splicing silencer (ISS) sequence to promote the inclusion of SMN2 exon 7 and increase the production of SMN2 full-length (FL) gene expression. It happens that there was a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) at one end of the ISS sequence according to the design of sgRNA. The recombinant vector of sgRNA HSMN2 CRISPR/Case 9 was constructed and transfected into HEK293 cells. Sequencing results showed that the ISS sequence could be edited accurately and targeting in the predicted direction, in which deleting small fragments, inserting small amounts and mutation. Quantitative analysis of RT-PCR products by restriction enzyme of DdeI digestion showed that the FL of SMN2 increased by 8% (P < 0.05). In the primary cultured chondrocytes of SMA mice, in which sgRNA HSMN2 CRISPR/Case9 recombinant vector transfection could increase the SMN2 FL gene by 23% (P < 0.05) and significantly improve SMN protein levels (P < 0.05). CRISPR/Case 9 is an effective tool for gene editing and therapy of hereditary diseases, but it is rarely reported in the treatment of SMA diseases. This study shows that CRISPR/Case 9 was first used for the precision target of ISS sequence editing, which can effectively promote the production of SMN2 FL gene expressions, in which there was an important clinical reference value.  相似文献   
10.
The turbulent boundary layer control on NACA 0012 airfoil with Mach number ranging from 0.3 to 0.5 by a spanwise array of dielectric barrier discharge(DBD)plasma actuators by hot-film sensor technology is investigated.Due to temperature change mainly caused through heat produced along with plasma will lead to measurement error of shear stress measured by hot-film sensor,the correction method that takes account of the change measured by another sensor is used and works well.In order to achieve the value of shear stress change,we combine computational fluid dynamics computation with experiment to calibrate the hot-film sensor.To test the stability of the hot-film sensor,seven repeated measurements of shear stress at Ma = 0.3 are conducted and show that confidence interval of hot-film sensor measurement is from-0.18 to 0.18 Pa and the root mean square is 0.11 Pa giving a relative error 0.5%over all Mach numbers in this experiment.The research on the turbulent boundary layer control with DBD plasma actuators demonstrates that the control makes shear stress increase by about 6%over the three Mach numbers,which is thought to be reliable through comparing it with the relative error 0.5%,and the value is hardly affected by burst frequency and excitation voltage.  相似文献   
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