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1.
针对目前大多数人脸识别算法参数多、计算量大,难以部署到移动端和嵌入式设备中的问题,提出了一种基于改进MobileFaceNet的人脸识别方法。通过对MobileFaceNet模型结构的调整,将bottleneck模块优化为sandglass模块,改良深度卷积和逐点卷积的相对位置,适当增大sandglass模块的输出通道数,从而减少特征压缩时的信息丢失,增强人脸空间特征的提取。实验结果表明:改进后的方法在LFW测试数据集上准确率达99.15%,模型大小和计算量分别仅为原算法的61%和45%,验证了所提方法的有效性。  相似文献   
2.
Recent generative adversarial networks (GANs) have yielded remarkable performance in face image synthesis. GAN inversion embeds an image into the latent space of a pretrained generator, enabling it to be used for real face manipulation. However, current inversion approaches for real faces suffer the dilemma of initialization collapse and identity loss. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical GAN inversion for real faces with identity preservation based on mutual information maximization. We first use a facial domain guaranteed initialization to avoid the initialization collapse. Furthermore, we prove that maximizing the mutual information between inverted faces and their identities is equivalent to minimizing the distance between identity features from inverted and original faces. Optimization for real face inversion with identity preservation is implemented on this mutual information-maximizing constraint. Extensive experimental results show that our approach outperforms state-of-the-art solutions for inverting and editing real faces, particularly in terms of face identity preservation.  相似文献   
3.
Sandstorm is a meteorological phenomenon common in arid and semi-arid regions. A sandstorm can carry large volumes of sand unexpectedly, which leads to severe color deviations and significantly degraded visibility when an image is taken in such a scenario. However, existing image enhancement methods cannot enhance sandstorm images well due to the challenging degradations and the scarcity of sandstorm training data. In this paper, we propose a Transformer with rotary position embedding to perform sandstorm image enhancement via building multi-scale and multi-patch dependencies. Our key insights in this work are 1) a multi-scale Transformer can globally eliminate the color deviations of sandstorm images via aggregating global information, 2) a multi-patch Transformer can recover local details well via learning the spatial variant degradations, and 3) a U-shape Transformer with rotary position embedding as the core unit of multi-scale and multi-patch Transformer can effectively build the long-range dependencies. We also contribute a real-world Sandstorm Image Enhancement (SIE) dataset including 1,400 sandstorm images with different degrees of degradations and various scenes. Experiments performed on synthetic images and real-world sandstorm images demonstrate that our proposed method not only obtains visually pleasing results but also outperforms state-of-the-art methods qualitatively and quantitatively.  相似文献   
4.
夏敏浩  赵万剑  王骏 《中州煤炭》2022,(7):189-194,200
为了提高配电网差异化节能降耗效果,解决现有潜力评估方法存在的应用性能差的问题,提出碳中和背景下配电网差异化节能降耗潜力优化评估方法。根据配电网的空间结构,构建相应的等值电路模型。在该模型下,从设备损耗和运行附加损耗2个方面计算配电网的损耗量。根据损耗量计算结果,确定配电网差异化碳中和节能降耗方式。从静态和动态2个角度设置潜力评估指标,通过指标数据处理、指标权重求解等步骤,得出配电网差异化节能降耗潜力的综合量化评估结果。将设计潜力评估方法应用到配电网的差异化节能降耗改造工作中,能够有效降低配电网的实际线损量、降低区域损耗费用,并具有较高的应用价值。  相似文献   
5.
倪泰乐  冉然  祁娜  赵丽  陈彧 《包装工程》2022,43(22):125-133
目的 将数字化服务融入老年患者就诊流程,建立适老化就诊等待服务系统,在APP开发设计研究中实现软件流程优化。方法 依据ERG理论对老年患者在就诊等待过程中的需求点进行分类整理和层次划分。调研目标用户将分析结果融入服务设计理论,为指导软件开发所涉及的医院就诊流程、用户需求痛点,提出系统性的解决策略。基于交互设计原则展开APP界面设计。结论 构建了以老年患者为中心的就诊等待服务系统,帮助提升其等待过程中的自我效能。完善了基于产品使用方式层级的适老化就诊等待服务APP设计策略,为适老化、数字化产品研发提供了新思路;最终产出APP设计实例,提高了老年群体社会参与度,鼓励老年患者自主就诊,帮助其更加轻松地享受信息化时代带来的红利。  相似文献   
6.
Sealing performance between two contacting surfaces is of significant importance to stable operation of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. In this work, an analytical micro-scale approach is first established to predict the gas leakage in fuel cells. Gas pressure and uneven pressure distribution at the interface are also included in the model. At first, the micro tortuous leakage path at the interface is constructed by introducing contact modelling and fractal porous structure theory. In order to obtain the leakage at the entire surface, contact pressure distribution is predicted based on bonded elastic layer model. The gas leakage through the discontinuous interface can be obtained with consideration of convection and diffusion. Then, experiments are conducted to validate the numerical model, and good agreement is obtained between them. Finally, influences of surface topology, gasket compression and gasket width on leakage are studied based on the model. The results show that gas leakage would be greatly amplified when the asperity standard deviation of surface roughness exceeds 1.0 μm. Gaskets with larger width and smaller thickness are beneficial to sealing performance. The model is helpful to understand the gas leakage behavior at the interface and guide the gasket design of fuel cells.  相似文献   
7.
In this study, some locations with different climates, off-grid zero energy buildings with hydrogen energy storage systems are designed, and transient analysis is conducted. These considered buildings supply their electricity consumption without using the electrical grid and PV panels or wind turbines. Also, they supply thermal comfort to occupants by using a vapor compression chiller and humidifier. Domestic hot water of occupants is supplied using solar collectors. For analyzing building's performance and objectives achievement, TRNSYS software is used. Also, for evaluating occupant thermal comfort, the Fanger model is used. The considered building is a one-story building with a 150 m2 area. Four occupants are considered. Both of them are seated at rest, and another is seated with light working such as typing. Using the Fanger model equation and MATLAB software, the thermal comfort of occupants is determined. For domestic hot water consumption, verified profiles that vary during 24 h of the day are considered. Achieved results show that for humid and cold cities, PV panels with an area of 73 and 76 m2 can be supplied the required electricity of considered building with four occupants and battery state of charge is higher than 50% and 10%, respectively. Moreover, with a suitable air conditioner system, the predicted percentage of dissatisfied (PPD) can be lower than 12% and 8% for humid and cold cities. Therefore, the building can be converted to a zero-energy building using its rooftop area.  相似文献   
8.
The H2 storage properties of isoreticular metal-organic framework materials (IRMOFs), MOF-5 and IRMOF-10, impregnated with different numbers and types of heterogeneous C48B12 molecules were investigated using density functional theory and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) calculations. The excess hydrogen adsorption isotherms of IRMOFs at 77 K within 20 bar indicate that suitable number and type of C48B12 molecules play a crucial role in improving the H2 storage properties of IRMOFs. Among the studied pure and nC48B12 (n = 1, 2, 4, 8) in Ci symmetry impregnating into MOF-5, at 77 K under 6 bar, MOF-5-4C48B12 with a 3.5 wt% and 29.9 g/L hydrogen storage density, and at 77 K under 12 bar, the pure MOF-5 with a 4.9 wt% and 31.0 g/L hydrogen storage density has the best hydrogen storage properties. Whereas, among the studied pure and nC48B12 (n = 1, 2, 4, 8) in S6 symmetry impregnating into IRMOF-10, IRMOF-10-8C48B12 always shows the best hydrogen storage properties among the pure and C48B12-impregnated IRMOF-10 at 77 K within 20 bar. IRMOF-10-8C48B12 has a 6.0 wt% and 34.6 g/L hydrogen storage density at 77 K under 6 bar, and has a 7.1 wt% and 41.4 g/L hydrogen storage density at 77 K under 12 bar. The confinement effect of IRMOFs on C48B12 molecules, and steric hindrance effect of C48B12 molecules on IRMOFs mainly affects the H2 uptake capacity by comparing the absolute H2 molecules in individual IRMOFs units, C48B12 molecules, and IRMOFs-nC48B12 compounds. The absolute hydrogen adsorption profiles show that eight C48B12 molecules impregnating into MOF-5 can exert obvious steric effects for H2 adsorption. The saturated gravimetric and volumetric H2 densities of IRMOF-10-8C48B12 higher than those of MOF-5-8C48B12 due to with larger free volume.  相似文献   
9.
Nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM) is crucial for extracting patterns of electricity consumption of household appliance that can guide users’ behavior in using electricity while their privacy is respected. This study proposes an online method based on the transient behavior of individual appliances as well as system steady-state characteristics to estimate the operating states of the appliances. It determines the number of states for each appliance using the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) method and models the transition relationship among different states. The states of the working appliances are identified from aggregated power signals using the Kalman filtering method in the factorial hidden Markov model (FHMM). Thereafter, the identified states are confirmed by the verification of system states, which are the combination of the working states of individual appliances. The verification step involves comparing the total measured power consumption with the total estimated power consumption. The use of transient features can achieve fast state inference and it is suitable for online load disaggregation. The proposed method was tested on a high-resolution data set such as Labeled hIgh-Frequency daTaset for Electricity Disaggregation (LIFTED) and it outperformed other related methods in the literature.  相似文献   
10.
In the present paper, therapeutic treatment of infected tumorous cells has been studied through mathematical modeling and simulation of heat transfer in tissues by using a nonlinear dual-phase lag bioheat transfer model with Dirichlet boundary condition. The components of volumetric heat source in this model such as blood perfusion and metabolism are assumed experimentally validated temperature-dependent function, which gives more accurate temperature distribution in tissues through this model. We have used the finite difference and RK (4, 5) techniques of numerical methods to solve the proposed problem and obtained the exact solution in a particular case. After comparison, we got a good agreement between them. We have used dimensionless quantities throughout this paper. The effect of relaxation and thermalization time with respect to dimensionless temperature distribution has been analyzed in the treatment process.  相似文献   
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