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In this paper, the design of all two-input logic gates is presented by only a single-stage single electron box (SEB) for the first time. All gates are constructed based on a same circuit. We have used unique periodic characteristics of SEB to design these gates and present all two-input logic gates (monotonic/non-monotonic, symmetric/non-symmetric) by a single-stage design. In conventional monotonic devices, such as MOSFETs, implementing non-monotonic logic gates such as XOR and XNOR is impossible by only a single-stage design, and a multistage design is required which leads to more complexity, higher power consumption and less speed of the gates. We present qualitative design at first and then detailed designs are investigated and optimised by using our previous works. All designs are verified by a single electron simulator which shows correct operation of the gates.  相似文献   
3.
刘永东 《柴油机》2018,40(3):38-40
针对40 m级测量船功能需求的提高,对新建40 m级测量船的动力系统进行优化,采用技术成熟的滑差齿轮箱驱动螺旋桨的推进方式取代可调螺距螺旋桨推进方式,使新建船在作业航区、测量作业能力等方面有较明显的提升,且船舶的灵活性和安全性得到进一步提高,满足了近海测量作业的实际需求。  相似文献   
4.
Traditional box culvert designs lead to development of high velocity zones in the culvert barrel that often impede upstream migration of fish. Herein, three‐dimensional Reynolds‐averaged Navier‐Stokes (RANS)‐ and Large eddy simulation (LES)‐based computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) simulations were performed to compare the effectiveness of smooth, asymmetrically roughened, and corner‐baffled barrels, in creating low‐velocity zones (LVZs) and providing opportunity for upstream passage of small‐bodied fish. The results revealed distinctive benefits provided by the asymmetrically roughened and corner‐baffled barrels relative to the smooth barrel. Cross‐sectional asymmetry, corners, and obstructions are important factors that contribute to the generation of LVZs conducive to fish passage, albeit contiguity of LVZs is required, particularly for weak swimmers. The study demonstrates the adequacy and effectiveness of CFD models to complement traditional laboratory studies in understanding basic mechanisms beneficial to fish passage and to provide insights into future designs.  相似文献   
5.
为降低海上风机导管架基础重量,通过SACS有限元软件对斜撑式过渡段导管架、箱梁式过渡段导管架进行对比,分析两种导管架的杆件强度、泥面变形和承载力。提出一种改进的翼缘式过渡段,在极限载荷下,相对前两种过渡段结构而言,翼缘式过渡段结构应力小、重量轻。研究内容为导管架过渡段结构设计提供参考。  相似文献   
6.
山东东华水泥有限公司有两条5000t/d耗、电耗较高,熟料的后期强度也不理想。为此,我公司全面了解行业动态,及时调整发展思路,积极推进生产线提产增效技术改造,有效提升熟料线产能,两条线熟料产量均达到6100t/d以上,经济运行指标得到显著提升。  相似文献   
7.
Although topology optimization is established for linear static problems, more effort is required for solving nonlinear plastic problems. A new topology optimization approach with equivalent static loads (ESLs) is suggested to find the optimum topologies and locations of plastic hinges of thin-walled crash boxes by considering crash-induced deformation, the main crash energy-absorbing mechanism. Together with finite element method crashworthiness analyses, considering all nonlinearities with rate-dependent plasticity, the method was developed using an appropriate time-incremental scheme of ESLs without removing any high values of loads. Analyses show that the crash boxes with optimum topologies have energy-absorbing capabilities equivalent to the original structure. The proposed method is evaluated for two crashes: a crash box at low speed and a double cell subjected to high-speed collision. The results indicate that this method captures nonlinear crushing behaviours and accurate locations of plastic hinges where, if proper reinforcements are made, energy absorption can be enhanced.  相似文献   
8.
The present study concentrates on design, commissioning and calibration of a uniaxial laminar soil box suitable for use on a low base-shear capacity shake table available at IIT Kanpur, India. The box is designed to simulate the behavior of soil deposits subjected to earthquake motions, with minimal boundary effects due to reflection of waves at the boundary. The 1.1 m × 1.6 m × 0.765 m box is comprised of a series of individual lamina supported independently on multiple roller bearings guided through a guide channel. The outer frame connected to the guide rods is designed in such as way that it can transfer the self weight of each lamina out of the shake table. A series of free-field tests are carried out on dry Ganga sand sample to calibrate the box. Dynamic response parameters, such as acceleration, displacement, stress-strain behavior, strain-dependant modulus and damping ratio of the sand at various depth are investigated. Large strain and subsequent increased inelasticity is observed towards the top of the sand bed. The experimental results are further compared with equivalent-linear SHAKE analysis and nonlinear finite element ground response analysis of the free-field soil using OpenSees for assessing the performance of the laminar box.  相似文献   
9.
利用有限元法和试验模态法对立式加工中心的铸造式和焊接式两种结构的主轴箱体进行了模态分析,分别获得了其前六阶固有频率和振型。通过对比两种方法获得的结果,验证了有限元分析模型的有效性。研究表明,两种主轴箱体的阻尼比接近,但焊接式主轴箱体的各阶固有频率均要高于铸造式主轴箱体的各阶固有频率。并且铸造式主轴箱体的固有频率更接近于机床主轴的常用工作频率,焊接式主轴箱体的则远离此频率。因此对于常用主轴转速而言,焊接式主轴箱体的动态性能要优于铸造式主轴箱体的动态性能。  相似文献   
10.
截断阀室是输气管道工程的重要设施,确定科学合理的阀室间距,可有效减少事故影响和损失。阀室间距涉及交通、征地、投资、人口密集区和环境安全等诸多因素,严格按照标准规范设置截断阀难度较大。可通过研究国外管道阀室设计的先进经验和实践做法,改进我国管道阀室设计标准,其先进性包括美国标准基于阀室最大间距和基于阀室工程评估的准则,加拿大标准在较大范围内调整阀室间距,荷兰标准考虑阀室自身安全性问题等。结合我国管道实际情况,提出了管道阀室间距设计标准的修订和改进建议,即基于对管道运行、维护、安全和规划等多因素评估确定阀室间距,阀室设计困难地区增加间距调整范围,人口稀少地区增大截断阀室间距等。  相似文献   
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