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1.
Yarn-dyed fabric is often woven from warp and weft yarns in the same color depth to ensure a uniform color appearance. The difference in color depth between warp and weft tends to result in the uneven color of the yarn-dyed fabric. This article aims to establish a color tolerance for yarn-dyed fabric that can be woven with a qualified color appearance but from the warp and weft yarns in different color depths. A total of 27 yarn-dyed fabric samples in three color series (red, yellow, and blue) were evaluated by using the yarn-dyed fabric from warp and weft yarns in the same color depth of 2% (on weight of fabric, owf) as the standard. Visual assessment and instrumental measurement of color were carried out to establish the color tolerance ellipse that was defined as CMC (Color Measurement Committee) color differences (2:1) of no more than 1.00. It was found that the color strengths (K/S) and color differences (ΔECMC(2:1)) of these fabric samples for each color series had linear relationships with the color depths of warp and weft yarns. The color tolerance ellipses indicated that, even though the warp and weft yarns had an apparent color difference, they could be woven in fabrics with relatively uniform color appearance and meet the requirements for yarn-dyed fabric. This work provided valuable insight into the production of qualified yarn-dyed fabrics from unqualified dyed yarns.  相似文献   
2.
To obtain the mixing enhancement mechanism of H2–Water combined jets in supersonic crossflows in a combustor with expanded section for rotating detonation ramjet, the flow field shape and spray structure were studied by experimental and numerical methods. The Eulerian–Lagrangian method was used to investigate the diffusion mechanism and H2–Water interaction law of combined jets with different sequences. At the same time, high-speed photography and the schlieren technique were used to capture the flow field. The effects of jet pressure drop, orifice diameter, orifice spacing, incoming Mach number, and other parameters on the penetration depth of water jets were studied. The results of experiment and simulation show that using H2–Water combined jets, the penetration depth of the jet spray can be greatly increased and the jet mixing effect can be significantly improved, which will contribute to the engine's ignition and stable combustion. In the case of pre-water/post-H2, the penetration depth of the hydrogen jet is greater. In the case of pre-H2/post-water, the hydrogen jet raises the water spray mainly by protecting the integrity of the water column.  相似文献   
3.
In the field of images and imaging, super-resolution (SR) reconstruction of images is a technique that converts one or more low-resolution (LR) images into a highresolution (HR) image. The classical two types of SR methods are mainly based on applying a single image or multiple images captured by a single camera. Microarray camera has the characteristics of small size, multi views, and the possibility of applying to portable devices. It has become a research hotspot in image processing. In this paper, we propose a SR reconstruction of images based on a microarray camera for sharpening and registration processing of array images. The array images are interpolated to obtain a HR image initially followed by a convolution neural network (CNN) procedure for enhancement. The convolution layers of our convolution neural network are 3×3 or 1×1 layers, of which the 1×1 layers are used to improve the network performance particularly. A bottleneck structure is applied to reduce the parameter numbers of the nonlinear mapping and to improve the nonlinear capability of the whole network. Finally, we use a 3×3 deconvolution layer to significantly reduce the number of parameters compared to the deconvolution layer of FSRCNN-s. The experiments show that the proposed method can not only ameliorate effectively the texture quality of the target image based on the array images information, but also further enhance the quality of the initial high resolution image by the improved CNN.  相似文献   
4.
Al–Cr slag is the solid waste generated by the smelting of Cr metal. It presents a range of environmental hazards. This study addressed the corrosion resistance of Al–Cr slag containing chromium–corundum refractories to slags with different basicity. Herein, we provide suggestions for the use of Cr–corundum of different basicity in kilns. Al–Cr slag, brown fused Al2O3, and chrome green were used as the raw materials, with pure calcium aluminate cement being used as a binder. The brick samples, prepared using different blends of chrome green and corundum, were fired at 1600?°C, and subsequently subjected to a slag corrosion test. After corrosion by slag of different basicity, the phase composition and microstructure of the sample were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectrometer and scanning electron microscopy. There were two major findings. First, Cr–corundum brick made from Al–Cr slag has a better slag corrosion resistance than that made from Cr2O3 and brown fused Al2O3. Second, Cr–corundum brick made from Al–Cr slag has superior corrosion resistance to slag with a CaO:SiO2 ratio of 2:1.  相似文献   
5.
根据光电理论和探测器的工作原理,推导出了一种电荷耦合器件(CCD)摄像机面阵探测器调制传递函数,得到了一定入射条件下光敏元的输出电子数目。  相似文献   
6.
宁会生 《石油仪器》2006,20(5):12-13
新一代深度张力面板不仅具有基本的深度、张力采集、处理、显示功能,同时还具有多种报警及通讯功能.其最大的特点是采用了液晶显示屏和触摸屏,使得信息的显示更加丰富、直观和醒目.同时,触摸屏的采用,省去了传统的按钮、开关及键盘操作模式,使操作更加方便简洁、自然.该面板可以单独工作,也可以配备于测井、录井地面系统中使用.  相似文献   
7.
给出了覆盖层厚度对巷道周围应力分布的影响及巷道间相互作用的计算机仿真,用三维有限元法分析了在不同覆盖层厚度下巷道周围的应力分布和两个巷道之间不同距离下的相互作用。数值模拟表明了巷道周围应力分布和应力集中系数随覆盖层厚度增加的变化规律,找到了两巷道之间的距离的临界值,当两巷道间距离大于该临界值时,它们之间的相互作用消失。  相似文献   
8.
影视后期制作或图像合成中,动态实时改变显示画面的景深能进一步增强画面的真实感,但由于实时性要求较高,软件实现在处理速度方面容易产生瓶颈。为此,采用预处理的办法,分别对前景和背景进行低通滤波,得到前、背景各自的模拟帧序列,通过调节前景和背景帧序列的位置,模拟确定其各自的变焦程度,然后将前景和背景动态合成具有虚拟景深效果的画面。  相似文献   
9.
采用有限元素法 ,分别数值计算了平底孔道、台阶式孔道和尖劈状孔道等 3种孔眼模型中不同中心频率 (10 0 k Hz、5 0 0 k Hz、1MHz)的散射超声脉冲波。计算结果表明 ,无论选用哪一种孔底模型 ,均可以得到较为明显的对应于孔底的声波信号。但是 ,孔道越不规则 ,使用的超声信号的主频越高 ,则孔底信号越差。为了兼顾孔底信号质量和信号采集、传输的代价 ,在未来的检测仪器中应采用尽可能低的测量频率 (低于 5 0 0 k Hz)  相似文献   
10.
结合研究区的地质资料,着重就研究区的速度深度模型的人工控制进行了研究;基于研究区断裂系统复杂,为了解所用处理方法对复杂构造的适用性,设计了2个模型来检验叠前深度偏移效果的有效性;与时间偏移相比,叠前深度偏移高质量地解决了复杂断块区的成像问题。  相似文献   
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