首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   15289篇
  免费   2287篇
  国内免费   1133篇
电工技术   2554篇
综合类   2197篇
化学工业   2211篇
金属工艺   264篇
机械仪表   836篇
建筑科学   526篇
矿业工程   256篇
能源动力   348篇
轻工业   648篇
水利工程   286篇
石油天然气   527篇
武器工业   183篇
无线电   2078篇
一般工业技术   1298篇
冶金工业   394篇
原子能技术   107篇
自动化技术   3996篇
  2024年   55篇
  2023年   231篇
  2022年   337篇
  2021年   527篇
  2020年   531篇
  2019年   548篇
  2018年   548篇
  2017年   619篇
  2016年   694篇
  2015年   719篇
  2014年   919篇
  2013年   1020篇
  2012年   1309篇
  2011年   1252篇
  2010年   920篇
  2009年   927篇
  2008年   889篇
  2007年   925篇
  2006年   928篇
  2005年   714篇
  2004年   588篇
  2003年   577篇
  2002年   453篇
  2001年   354篇
  2000年   345篇
  1999年   262篇
  1998年   240篇
  1997年   193篇
  1996年   182篇
  1995年   141篇
  1994年   123篇
  1993年   97篇
  1992年   87篇
  1991年   70篇
  1990年   61篇
  1989年   57篇
  1988年   41篇
  1987年   28篇
  1986年   21篇
  1985年   27篇
  1984年   17篇
  1983年   16篇
  1982年   30篇
  1981年   12篇
  1979年   5篇
  1978年   4篇
  1977年   7篇
  1964年   10篇
  1963年   5篇
  1961年   4篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
Naringin (NAR), a major flavanone (FVA) glycoside, is a component of food mainly obtained from grapefruit. We used NAR as a food additive to improve the solubility and permeability of hydrophobic polyphenols used as supplements in the food industry. The spray-dried particles (SDPs) of NAR alone show an amorphous state with a glass transition temperature (Tg) at 93.2 °C. SDPs of hydrophobic polyphenols, such as flavone (FVO), quercetin (QCT), naringenin (NRG), and resveratrol (RVT) were prepared by adding varying amounts of NAR. All SDPs of hydrophobic polyphenols with added NAR were in an amorphous state with a single Tg, but SDPs of hydrophobic polyphenols without added NAR showed diffraction peaks derived from each crystal. The SDPs with NAR could keep an amorphous state after storage at a high humidity condition for one month, except for SDPs of RVT/NAR. SDPs with NAR enhanced the solubility of hydrophobic polyphenols, especially NRG solubility, which was enhanced more than 9 times compared to NRG crystal. The enhanced solubility resulted in the increased membrane permeability of NRG. The antioxidant effect of the hydrophobic NRG was also enhanced by the synergetic effect of NAR. The findings demonstrated that NAR could be used as a food additive to enhance the solubility and membrane permeability of hydrophobic polyphenols.  相似文献   
2.
支承或连接构件对梁结构的动力学性能有至关重要影响,必须保证其在振动过程中不发生破坏或者失效。通过合理设计和布局附加弹性支承可以实现对这些重要连接构件所承受约束反力的控制。应用微分变换法推导含附加支承的梁结构支承约束反力及其对于附加支承位置和刚度的灵敏度表达式,并通过优化设计附加支承位置和刚度实现具有弹性约束端的简支梁结构各支承约束反力的平衡,可提高结构的动力学性能。  相似文献   
3.
Parameter estimation plays an important role in the field of system control. This article is concerned with the parameter estimation methods for multivariable systems in the state-space form. For the sake of solving the identification complexity caused by a large number of parameters in multivariable systems, we decompose the original multivariable system into some subsystems containing fewer parameters and study identification algorithms to estimate the parameters of each subsystem. By taking the maximum likelihood criterion function as the fitness function of the differential evolution algorithm, we present a maximum likelihood-based differential evolution (ML-DE) algorithm for parameter estimation. To improve the parameter estimation accuracy, we introduce the adaptive mutation factor and the adaptive crossover factor into the ML-DE algorithm and propose a maximum likelihood-based adaptive differential evolution algorithm. The simulation study indicates the efficiency of the proposed algorithms.  相似文献   
4.
In this paper, novel computing approach using three different models of feed-forward artificial neural networks (ANNs) are presented for the solution of initial value problem (IVP) based on first Painlevé equation. These mathematical models of ANNs are developed in an unsupervised manner with capability to satisfy the initial conditions exactly using log-sigmoid, radial basis and tan-sigmoid transfer functions in hidden layers to approximate the solution of the problem. The training of design parameters in each model is performed with sequential quadratic programming technique. The accuracy, convergence and effectiveness of the proposed schemes are evaluated on the basis of the results of statistical analyses through sufficient large number of independent runs with different number of neurons in each model as well. The comparisons of these results of proposed schemes with standard numerical and analytical solutions validate the correctness of the design models.  相似文献   
5.
6.
Numerical simulation, using SILVACO-TCAD, is carried out to explain experimentally observed effects of different types of deep levels on the capacitance–voltage characteristics of p-type Si-doped GaAs Schottky diodes grown on high index GaAs substrates. Two diodes were grown on (311)A and (211)A oriented GaAs substrates using Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). Although, deep levels were observed in both structures, the measured capacitance–voltage characteristics show a negative differential capacitance (NDC) for the (311)A diodes, while the (211)A devices display a usual behaviour. The NDC is related to the nature and spatial distribution of the deep levels, which are characterized by the Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS) technique. In the (311)A structure only majority deep levels (hole traps) were observed while both majority and minority deep levels were present in the (211)A diodes. The simulation, which calculates the capacitance–voltage characteristics in the absence and presence of different types of deep levels, agrees well with the experimentally observed behaviour.  相似文献   
7.
邱甲军  吴跃  惠孛  刘彦伯 《计算机应用》2019,39(4):1196-1200
图像纹理增强过程中容易丢失平滑区域纹理细节,而分数阶微分增强虽然能够非线性保留平滑区域纹理细节,但对频率分辨率敏感。针对这个问题,提出一种基于小波变换的分数阶微分纹理增强算法,应用于平扫计算机断层扫描(CT)图像的肝脏肿瘤区域的纹理增强。首先,通过小波变换将图像感兴趣区分解成多个子带分量;其次,基于分数阶微分定义构造一个带补偿参数的分数阶微分掩膜;最后,使用该掩膜与每个高频子带分量进行卷积并利用小波逆变换重组图像感兴趣区。实验结果表明,该方法在使用较大分数阶次显著增强肿瘤区域的高频轮廓信息的同时,有效地保留了低频平滑的纹理细节:增强后的肝细胞癌区域与原区域相比,信息熵平均增加36.56%,平均梯度平均增加321.56%,平均绝对差值平均为9.287;增强后的肝血管瘤区域与原区域相比,信息熵平均增加48.77%,平均梯度平均增加511.26%,平均绝对差值平均为14.097。  相似文献   
8.
9.
When UF6 is handled in leak tight system, the amount of uranium compound formed on the surface of containers, valves, and others in UF6 handling facilities is not so significant for a short term that special attention has not been given to this problem. The present work was done to throw some more light on this problem based on the recent experiment. We discuss the possibility that the intermolecular transfer of a fluorine atom from UF6 to UF5 may participate in the formation of uranium compound. The discussion includes also the unique features contained in the experimental result, the reaction processes assumed in this problem, and the derivation of a rate equation for expressing the deposition of uranium compound. Furthermore, we propose a new method for determining nonlinear parameters included in a governing differential equation having two variables for expressing the deposition of uranium compound from experimental raw data.  相似文献   
10.
The present work reports the realization of an analog fractional‐order phase‐locked loop (FPLL) using a fractional capacitor. The expressions for bandwidth, capture range, and lock range of the FPLL have been derived analytically and then compared with the experimental observations using LM565 IC. It has been observed that bandwidth and capture range can be extended by using FPLL. It has also been found that FPLL can provide faster response and lower phase error at the time of switching compared to its integer‐order counterpart. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号