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1.
Fire spread and growth on real‐scale four cushion mock‐ups of residential upholstered furniture (RUF) were investigated with the goal of identifying whether changes in five classes of materials (barrier, flexible polyurethane foam, polyester fiber wrap, upholstery fabric, and sewing thread), referred to as factors, resulted in statistically significant changes in burning behavior. A fractional factorial experimental design plus practical considerations yielded a test matrix with 20 material combinations. Experiments were repeated a minimum of two times. Measurements included fire spread rates derived from video recordings and heat release rates (HRRs). A total of 13 experimental parameters (3 based on the videos and 10 on the HRR results), referred to as responses, characterized the measurements. Statistical analyses based on Main Effects Plots (main effects) and Block Plots (main effects and factor interactions) were used. The results showed that three of the factors resulted in statistically significant effects on varying numbers of the 13 responses. The Barrier and Fabric factors had the strongest main effects with roughly comparable magnitudes. Foam was statistically significant for fewer of the responses and its overall strength was weaker than for Barrier and Fabric. No statistically significant main effects were identified for Wrap or Thread. Multiple two‐term interactions between factors were identified as being statistically significant. The Barrier*Fabric interaction resulted in the highest number of and strongest statistically significant effects. The existence of two‐term interactions means that it will be necessary to consider their effects in approaches designed to predict the burning behavior of RUF.  相似文献   
2.
CRAFT is a tweakable block cipher introduced in 2019 that aims to provide strong protection against differential fault analysis. In this paper, we show that CRAFT is vulnerable to side-channel cube attacks. We apply side-channel cube attacks to CRAFT with the Hamming weight leakage assumption. We found that the first half of the secret key can be recovered from the Hamming weight leakage after the first round. Next, using the recovered key bits, we continue our attack to recover the second half of the secret key. We show that the set of equations that are solvable varies depending on the value of the key bits. Our result shows that 99.90% of the key space can be fully recovered within a practical time.  相似文献   
3.
Facial Expression Recognition (FER) is an important subject of human–computer interaction and has long been a research area of great interest. Accurate Facial Expression Sequence Interception (FESI) and discriminative expression feature extraction are two enormous challenges for the video-based FER. This paper proposes a framework of FER for the intercepted video sequences by using feature point movement trend and feature block texture variation. Firstly, the feature points are marked by Active Appearance Model (AAM) and the most representative 24 of them are selected. Secondly, facial expression sequence is intercepted from the face video by determining two key frames whose emotional intensities are minimum and maximum, respectively. Thirdly, the trend curve which represents the Euclidean distance variations between any two selected feature points is fitted, and the slopes of specific points on the trend curve are calculated. Finally, combining Slope Set which is composed by the calculated slopes with the proposed Feature Block Texture Difference (FBTD) which refers to the texture variation of facial patch, the final expressional feature are formed and inputted to One-dimensional Convolution Neural Network (1DCNN) for FER. Five experiments are conducted in this research, and three average FER rates 95.2%, 96.5%, and 97% for Beihang University (BHU) facial expression database, MMI facial expression database, and the combination of two databases, respectively, have shown the significant advantages of the proposed method over the existing ones.  相似文献   
4.
Stream ciphers based on linear feedback shift register (LFSR) are suitable for constrained environments, such as satellite communications, radio frequency identification devices tag, sensor networks and Internet of Things, due to its simple hardware structures, high speed encryption and lower power consumption. LFSR, as a cryptographic primitive, has been used to generate a maximum period sequence. Because the switching of the status bits is regular, the power consumption of the LFSR is correlated in a linear way. As a result, the power consumption characteristics of stream cipher based on LFSR are vulnerable to leaking initialization vectors under the power attacks. In this paper, a new design of LFSR against power attacks is proposed. The power consumption characteristics of LFSR can be masked by using an additional LFSR and confused by adding a new filter Boolean function and a flip-flop. The design method has been implemented easily by circuits in this new design in comparison with the others.  相似文献   
5.
In this paper, low-cost and two-cycle hardware structures of the PRINCE lightweight block cipher are presented. In the first structure, we proposed an area-constrained structure, and in the second structure, a high-speed implementation of the PRINCE cipher is presented. The substitution box (S-box) and the inverse of S-box (S-box−1) blocks are the most complex blocks in the PRINCE cipher. These blocks are designed by an efficient structure with low critical path delay. In the low-cost structure, the S-boxes and S-boxes−1 are shared between the round computations and the intermediate step of PRINCE cipher. Therefore, the proposed architecture is implemented based on the lowest number of computation resources. The two-cycle implementation of PRINCE cipher is designed by a processing element (PE), which is a general and reconfigurable element. This structure has a regular form with the minimum number of the control signal. Implementation results of the proposed structures in 180-nm CMOS technology and Virtex-4 and Virtex-6 FPGA families are achieved. The proposed structures, based on the results, have better critical path delay and throughput compared with other's related works.  相似文献   
6.
压裂是低孔、低渗油层改造的主要增产措施。根据常规测井资料、岩石物理实验分析数据及试油成果。研究储层四性关系,确定区块的低孔、低渗储层评价标准。进一步对油层进行分类,有针对性地为油层压裂提供施工层位和准确的储层参数。通过商543区块实例,阐述了选择压裂层位的方法。  相似文献   
7.
仲红艳 《微机发展》2006,16(11):59-61
轻量级容器的解耦模式被称为“控制反转”或者“依赖注入”,组件之间的依赖关系由容器(运行环境)在运行期决定,从而在相当程度上降低了组件之间的耦合。该文详细论述了这种解耦模式的原理,以及依赖注入的3种主要形式,并且对几种形式进行了对比总结。  相似文献   
8.
梁112块沙四段薄互层低渗透油藏水力压裂工艺优化   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
梁112块沙四段薄互层油藏属于典型的高压、特低渗透油藏,具有油层多、单层薄、砂岩与泥岩交互等特点。常规压裂效果不理想。通过建立单井模型,确定了压裂应以增加裂缝的长度为主;利用FracproPT软件模拟优化加砂规模;根据油层物性特点优化射孔方案;配套应用粉陶降滤和控制缝高等技术优化了水力压裂工艺。2004年共对11口井实施了大型水力压裂,平均加砂量为42.5m3,平均加砂强度为1.6m3/m,累积增产原油达2.75×104t。  相似文献   
9.
提出并比较了应用于分组空时块码(G—STBC)系统中两种不同信道模型的排序最大信噪比(MaxSNR)检测算法。该系统在发端对发射天线分组,每组进行独立的空时块码编码;在收端应用排序最大信噪比算法进行检测。由于空时块码提供了额外的时域约束,所以可以利用这个约束对信道模型进行变换,得到一个等效信道模型,然后再使用排序MaxSNR检测;当然也可以直接利用原有的信道模型,即非等效信道模型进行检测。仿真结果表明:当接收天线数不少于发射天线数的一半时,采用等效信道模型下的排序MaxSNR算法,系统的误码曲线就能保持陡降性;并且在收发天线数相同时,其性能总是优于非等效信道模型。  相似文献   
10.
泌阳凹陷北部斜坡复杂断块群油田以断鼻、断块及断层+岩性油气藏为主,垂向含油层系多,平面上叠合连片,油气主要富集在鼻状构造主体部位的断鼻断块内。通过对研究区油气控制因素的分析,指出继承性的鼻状构造控制了油气聚集方向和富集程度,油气藏含油范围和油气藏高度则主要受断层封闭性和封闭程度的控制,油气分布规律受伸展构造所伴生的各种断块群构造型式的控制。  相似文献   
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