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1.
ACE抑制肽的生理功能和研究进展   总被引:11,自引:2,他引:9  
血管紧张素转化酶(ACE)在人体血压调节方面起着重要的生理作用.近年来天然食品来源的ACE抑制肽已成为生物活性肽研究领域的热点.ACE抑制肽通过抑制ACE活性起降血压作用.文章综述了ACE抑制肽的作用机制、结构特点、评价方法和研究进展.  相似文献
2.
从醋蛋水解物中分离纯化ACE抑制活性物质   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
经胃蛋白酶-胰酶复合酶体系水解醋蛋液得到的水解物对血管紧张素转化酶有较强的抑制活性(IC_(50)= 0.125 mg/mL),醋蛋水解物经Bio-gel P-2纯化、半制备型RP-HPLC分离,得到对ACE有强烈抑制作用的组分X,X经电喷雾质谱、保温后,确定其是序列为Trp-Ala-Ala-Gly-Trp的多肽类物质。  相似文献
3.
猪血红蛋白酶解制备ACE抑制肽的研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
本实验选用碱性蛋白酶、胰蛋白酶、胃蛋白酶、风味蛋白酶、中性蛋白酶和木瓜蛋白酶等六种商业蛋白酶在各自最适反应条件下分别水解猪血红蛋白12h,研究其水解产物对血管紧张素转换酶抑制率和蛋白水解度的影响。结果显示:采用胃蛋白酶酶解获得的产物ACE抑制率最高。胃蛋白酶的酶解条件为底物5%(质量分数),酶与底物浓度比E:S=3%,温度37℃,pH2.0,水解4h后其ACE抑制率为81.10%,水解度为6.64%。  相似文献
4.
S. Ono    M. Hosokawa    K. Miyashita    K. Takahashi 《Journal of food science》2003,68(5):1611-1614
In order to utilize upstream chum salmon as a component of nutraceutical food, their defatted muscle proteins were hydrolyzed with 5% thermolysin. The resulting hydrolysate showed high inhibitory activity against angiotensin I‐converting enzyme (inhibitory concentration50= 27.9 protein μg/mL) in vitro. A significant reduction of systolic blood pressure was observed when 500 and 2000 mg/kg of body weight were orally administered into spontaneously hypertensive rats. Angiotensin I‐converting enzyme inhibitory peptides contained in the hydrolysate were isolated with various chromatographs. These 6 active peptides were Trp residue‐containing dipeptides: Trp‐Ala, Val‐Trp, Trp‐Met, Met‐Trp, Ile‐Trp, and Leu‐Trp. The inhibitory concentration50 values of these dipeptides ranged from 2.5 μM to 277.3 μM.  相似文献
5.
乳源血管紧张素转移酶抑制肽在乳酸乳球菌中的表达   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
在乳酸乳球菌中表达乳源血管紧张素转移酶抑制肽。选取了4种不同的来源于牛酪蛋白的血管紧张素转移酶(ACE)抑制肽,为了确保能够在人体消化液作用下正常发挥它们的ACE抑制活性,4种短肽以串联多肽(TP)的形式进行表达,并在各短肽单体间引入了人体内主要消化酶的酶切位点。根据TP的氨基酸序列和乳酸乳球菌的偏爱密码子,人工合成TP基因。然后将TP基因和绿色荧光蛋白(GFP)基因串联于载体pSEC-E7,从而构建了pSEC-TP:GFP质粒,实现了2种蛋白在乳酸乳球菌中的共表达。经电击转化,将该重组质粒转入乳酸乳球菌NZ9000中,获得重组菌株NZ9000(pSEC-TP:GFP)。用Nisin诱导TP:GFP蛋白表达。RT-PCR、激光共聚焦扫描显微镜和SDS-PAGE鉴定表达产物。RT-PCR结果表明,TP:GFP蛋白在RNA水平表达成功;SDS-PAGE表明目标产物是35 ku的条带。在乳酸乳球菌中实现了乳源血管紧张素转移酶抑制肽的表达。  相似文献
6.
酪蛋白磷酸肽副产物中仍含有丰富的功能性多肽,从中回收具有降压活性的血管紧张素I转化酶抑制肽具有废物利用和环境保护的意义。本文在前期研究富集活性肽工艺的基础上,从粗富集产物中进一步分离纯化出具有降压活性的多肽单体,并对单体的分子量、一级序列及其稳定性进行了研究。研究结果表明,以粗富集产物为原料,仅通过阴离子交换树脂及液相制备两步就可获得活性较高的转化酶抑制肽单体P16和P18。P16分子量742.6,序列为GPFPIIV,属首次发现;P18分子量1385.8,序列为FFVAPFPE VFGK。二者均具有较高的耐酸碱性和热稳定性,经体外模拟胃肠消化过程后,发生不同程度的分解,但P16的活性在分解后反而升高12.8%,P18则降低37.5%。推测活性的升高或降低均与活性中心暴露或破坏有关。  相似文献
7.
Previous studies have demonstrated that milk fermented with Enterococcus faecalis decreases the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of spontaneously hypertensive rats. In this study, we evaluated the antihypertensive activity of the following peptide sequences: LHLPLP, LHLPLPL, LVYPFPGPIPNSLPQNIPP, VLGPVRGPFP, and VRGPFPIIV. These peptides isolated from E. faecalis-fermented milk showed in vitro angiotensin I-converting enzyme-inhibitory activity. Because the most potent angiotensin I-converting enzyme-inhibitory sequences were LHLPLP and LVYPFPGPIPNSLPQ-NIPP, we administered different doses of these peptides to spontaneously hypertensive rats. High doses of the remaining sequences were also administered to these animals. Water served as a negative control and captopril as a positive control. All products were administered orally. The SBP and DBP were measured before administration and also at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h after administration. Before administration of the different products, spontaneously hypertensive rats showed SBP and DBP values of 218 ± 2.5 and 157 ± 5.9 mmHg, respectively (n = 30). The sequences LHLPLP, LVYPF-PGPIPNSLPQNIPP, VLGPVRGPFP, and VRGPFPIIV caused clear and significant decreases in SBP, DBP, or both in the animals. In particular, the antihypertensive effect could be clearly established when 2 or 3 mg/kg of LHLPLP was administered. These 2 doses of LHLPLP showed similar antihypertensive properties. Four hours after administration of captopril or the highest doses of the different peptides, the decreases in the SBP and the DBP (mmHg) were as follows: captopril (SBP = 52 ± 5.8, DBP = 38.8 ± 3.8), 3 mg/kg of LHLPLP (SBP = 25.3 ± 8.2, DBP = 29.5 ± 7.6), 6 mg/kg of LVYPFPGPIP-NSLPQNIPP (SBP = 14.9 ± 3.7, DBP = 8.7 ± 4.4), 10 mg/kg of LHLPLPL (SBP = 7.7 ± 4.1, DBP = 9.4 ± 3.1), 10 mg/kg of VLGPVRGPFP (SBP = 16.2 ± 5.8, DBP = 21.64 ± 3.2), and 10 mg/kg of VRGPFPIIV (SBP = 16.05 ± 2.74, DBP = 9.19 ± 3.49). The results obtained suggest that the sequences LHLPLP, LVYPFPGPIPNSLPQ-NIPP, VLGPVRGPFP, and VRGPFPIIV could be responsible, at least in part, for the antihypertensive properties described for E. faecalis-fermented milk.  相似文献
8.
We isolated Phe–Leu as an angiotensin I‐converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor from hydrolysate of chum salmon muscle. The IC50 value of this peptide was 13.6 μm , and it showed non‐competitive inhibition. The reverse sequence dipeptide Leu–Phe also showed ACE inhibitory activity. However, Leu–Phe is much less inhibitory than Phe–Leu with an IC50 value of 383.2 μm . In addition, the inhibition mode was competitive. To investigate the relationship between dipeptide sequence and ACE inhibition properties, we further measured ACE inhibitory activity and inhibition mechanism using six Trp‐containing dipeptides, which had been identified from the same salmon muscle hydrolysate as ACE inhibitory peptides in a previous study. Peptides with Trp as the C‐terminal residue, Ala–Trp, Val–Trp, Met–Trp, Ile–Trp, Leu–Trp showed non‐competitive inhibition. On the other hand, reversed sequence peptides with Trp at the N‐terminal were competitive inhibitors, except Trp–Leu. These results indicate that the sequence of ACE inhibitory dipeptides can affect both inhibitory potency and the inhibition mechanisms.  相似文献
9.
施旭丹  罗自生 《食品工业科技》2012,33(6):435-438,443
血管紧张素转化酶(angiotensin I converting enzyme,简称ACE)对于人体血压的调节有着十分重要的作用。血管紧张素转化酶抑制肽(ACEIP)是从食源性蛋白质中提取的功能性肽,有着抑制ACE的作用,从而降低人体血压,达到治疗高血压的目的。本文主要从ACE抑制肽的降压原理、来源、结构、分类及作用特点和前景展望这几方面对其进行总结阐述。  相似文献
10.
以泥鳅蛋白为原料,酶解制备具有降血压活性的短肽,研究该肽的稳定性。在加热温度≤80℃条件下加热2h,泥鳅降血压肽(<2.5ku)的ACE抑制活性没有显著变化。当2.0≤pH≤8.0时,泥鳅降血压肽的ACE抑制活性变化不显著。冷冻干燥优于喷雾干燥。Mg2+对泥鳅降压肽的降压活性起到促进作用,而Zn2+和Mn2+抑制了肽的降压活性。葡萄糖对降压肽活性的影响程度明显大于蔗糖,随着浓度的升高,其ACE抑制活性逐渐降低,褐变程度加深;氯化钠对降压活性的影响不明显。在模拟胃肠道消化体系中,胃蛋白酶的消化显著提高了产物的降压活性;胰酶的消化降低了产物的降压活性。泥鳅多肽属于底物型ACE抑制肽。  相似文献
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