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1.
In this work, we discuss a recently proposed approach for supervised dimensionality reduction, the Supervised Distance Preserving Projection (SDPP) and, we investigate its applicability to monitoring material's properties from spectroscopic observations. Motivated by continuity preservation, the SDPP is a linear projection method where the proximity relations between points in the low-dimensional subspace mimic the proximity relations between points in the response space. Such a projection facilitates the design of efficient regression models and it may also uncover useful information for visualisation. An experimental evaluation is conducted to show the performance of the SDPP and compare it with a number of state-of-the-art approaches for unsupervised and supervised dimensionality reduction. The regression step after projection is performed using computationally light models with low maintenance cost like Multiple Linear Regression and Locally Linear Regression with k-NN neighbourhoods. For the evaluation, a benchmark and a full-scale calibration problem are discussed. The case studies pertain the estimation of a number of chemico-physical properties in diesel fuels and in light cycle oils, starting from near-infrared spectra. Based on the experimental results, we found that the SDPP leads to parsimonious projections that can be used to design light and yet accurate estimation models.  相似文献   
2.
Computational efficiency is still a great challenge for the generation of the Medial Axis (MA) for complicated CAD models. Current research mainly focuses on CPU-based MA generation methods. However, most of the methods emphasize using a single CPU. The highly-efficient methods based on parallel computing are still missing. In this study, a parallel method based on multi-CPU is proposed for the efficient MA generation of CAD models using distance dilation. By dividing the whole model into several parts for which MAs are calculated in parallel and then combined, computational efficiency can be greatly improved in theory and the computation time can be reduced nearly K times if K CPUs are used. Firstly, an adaptive division method is proposed to divide the voxelized model into blocks which have nearly the same number of voxels to balance the computational burden. Secondly, the local Euclidean Distance Transform (EDT) is calculated for each block based on the existing distance dilation method. Thirdly, the complete inter-dilation method is proposed to compute the influence between different blocks to get a global EDT for each block. Finally, each block generates a sub-MA separately and then all the generated MAs are combined to obtain the final MA. The last three processes can be efficiently conducted in parallel by using multiple CPUs. Several groups of experiments are conducted which demonstrate the good performance of the proposed methods in terms of efficiency.  相似文献   
3.
Lake St. Clair and western Lake Erie are important migration staging areas for diving ducks including canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria), redheads (Aythya americana), and lesser and greater scaup (Aythya affinis and Aythya marila). Starting in 1983, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) attempted to census diving ducks on the United States portion of Lake St. Clair throughout autumn migration; however, in 2010 the MDNR expanded the traditionally surveyed area to include all of Lake St. Clair and a portion of western Lake Erie. The idea of achieving a census over the expanded study area was unrealistic, and instead distance sampling techniques were adopted in an effort to generate statistically valid estimates of detection probabilities and abundances for diving ducks during spring and autumn migration. We found distance sampling techniques to be a viable option for estimating diving duck abundance as long as flock size is accounted for as a covariate affecting the detection function. Diving ducks were generally more abundant on our study area during autumn migration with a mean of 306,327 ducks/survey (SE = 40,729) compared to an average spring abundance of 91,053 ducks/survey (SE = 19,175). Peak abundance occurred on 20 November 2012 with an estimated 596,335 diving ducks on Lake St. Clair and western Lake Erie. Ultimately, our methodology could be used to establish long-term, standardized data collection techniques and applied to conservation planning for waterfowl in the Great Lakes region.  相似文献   
4.
发变组大差动保护属于保护双重化中主保护的一种,传统发变组大差保护动作速度慢且易受电流互感器饱和影响。对此,提出了一种兼备速动性及抗饱和特性的基于改进Hausdorff距离算法的发变组大差保护新判据。首先分析了改进Hausdorff距离算法的基本原理:在发变组区内故障时,由各端电流构造的Hausdorff距离值较大;在区外故障及正常运行时,由各端电流构造的Hausdorff距离值较小,基本为0。基于此原理提出了发变组大差保护新判据,并给出了门槛值整定方案。另外,提出了电流互感器饱和识别及保护再开放策略。理论分析和仿真结果验证了所提保护方案的有效性,能快速可靠识别区内故障,在区外故障饱和情况下可靠闭锁,再次发生转换性故障时也能快速开放,且判据门槛值整定简单,不受系统参数的影响。  相似文献   
5.
由于A*算法所规划的路径存在着转折次数多,路径不平滑,路径贴合障碍物和初始时刻转折角度过大等不符合车辆运动学的问题。为了解决上述问题,获得适用于智能车的优化路径,本文通过对车辆运动学建模得到车辆的约束,同时在估价函数中加入车身轮廓代价和障碍物距离代价,并将车辆约束加入到A*算法的启发函数和路径优化中,再使用贝塞尔曲线拟合转折点,使A*算法所生成的路径更加符合车辆的运动学。通过分析改进A*算法可知,改进后的算法所规划的路径更加平滑、合理且符合车辆的运动特性。  相似文献   
6.
This study extends the boundary conditions of mediated contact theory by (a) differentiating between mediated contact quantity and quality, (b) examining whether mediated contact exerts effects above and beyond direct contact, and (c) offering causal and generalizable evidence on the effects of exposure to numerous individual outgroup members in news media. We match individual‐level data from a representative panel survey with data on the amount of coverage about members from two outgroups and with the results from validated sentiment analysis. Mediated contact, and especially its quantity, improved outgroup attitudes independently of direct contact. These findings emerged for both outgroups and across two outcome measures.  相似文献   
7.
Occupancy is one of major factors influencing indoor microclimate. The aim of this work was to determine the influence of this factor on indoor air quality (IAQ) on the basis of CO2 concentration measurements and statistical analysis. We wanted to identify periods of time when IAQ was strongly affected by the occupancy described by the given profile. The proposed approach consisted of several stages. The CO2 concentration was measured and recorded in the form of univariate time series. Then, the relationship between occupancy and internal structure of the time series was disclosed. There were distinguished segments based on sample periodogram. Each segment was associated with a particular occupancy profile. In order to detect how human factor represented by a given occupancy profile influences IAQ we proposed to use pattern matching. In this approach there was examined the similarity between segments of the time series and the pattern of CO2 variability, which represented a selected occupancy profile. The analysis was performed in time domain using moving time window technique. The similarity was judged based on two types of indexes, namely correlation coefficients and distance measures. It was shown that our approach may be applied to successfully detect a particular occupancy profile. The best performance was achieved when using angular distance as the similarity index. In this case we reached 82% true positive and 22% false positive detections. The proposed method may be applied in diagnostics problems to reveal sources of indoor air quality problems.  相似文献   
8.
The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is one of the fundamental concepts in such diverse fields as multidimensional reflectometry, computer graphics and computer vision. BRDF manifolds form an infinite-dimensional space, but typically the available measurements are very scarce. Therefore, an efficient learning strategy is crucial when performing the measurements.In this paper, we perform simulation studies within a mathematical framework that allows to establish more efficient BRDF sampling and measurement strategies in the sense of statistical design of experiments and generalized proactive learning. Our simulation studies suggest that the default BRDF measurement strategy is suboptimal for a wide class of loss functions.  相似文献   
9.
多数车联网VANET(Vehicular Ad Hoc Network)的安全应用均采用多跳广播方式分发安全消息。现已提出了许多的多跳广播转发节点选择方案,但它们以减少转发节点数为目的。为此,提出基于密度和距离的多跳广播转发节点选择方案DDBFS(Density-Distance based multi-hop Broadcast Forwarder Selection scheme),记为DDBFS。DDBFS方案主要解决两个问题:密集区域的冗余广播和稀疏区域的高的传输时延。在提出的DDBFS方案中,节点在决策是否转播接收的消息前,依据距离和网络密度设置定时器,一旦定时完毕,且在定时期间,没有其他节点转发该消息,该节点就成为下一跳转发节点。仿真结果表明,与现有的方案相比,提出的DDBFS协议在重播次数和传输时延性能得到显著提高。在密集区域,消息重播次数下降了约57%,在稀疏区域,传输时延缩短了约82%。  相似文献   
10.
This paper presents a fast distance relay for series compensated transmission lines based on the R–L differential-equation algorithm using the theory of equal transfer process of transmission lines. The measuring distances based on the proposed algorithm can fast approach the actual value of fault distance when a fault occurs in front of the series capacitor. When a fault occurs behind of the series capacitor, the fault loop, including the series capacitor, does not match the R–L transmission line model, so the measuring distances fluctuate severely. Based on this, the relative position of the fault with respect to the series capacitor can be judged effectively according to the fluctuation range of the measuring distances, and the accurate fault location can be obtained fast. A variety of PSCAD/EMTDC simulation tests show that the new relay has fast operating speed and high accuracy when applied to the long series compensated transmission lines.  相似文献   
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