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1.
基于模型的软件测试综述   总被引:26,自引:5,他引:21       下载免费PDF全文
颜炯  王戟  陈火旺 《计算机科学》2004,31(2):184-187
随着面向对象软件开发技术的广泛应用和软件测试自动化的要求,特别是基于UML的软件开发技术的逐渐普及,基于模型的软件测试逐渐得到了软件开发人员和软件测试人员的认可和接受。针对被测试软件的不同特征和不同测试目的,已经提出了多种测试模型。本文详细阐述了基于模型的软件测试研究现状和应用现状,并对测试中使用的不同模型进行了比较,着重介绍了状态机模型、UML模型和马尔可夫链模型。最后提出了未来的研究方向。  相似文献
2.
When building dependable systems by integrating untrusted software components that were not originally designed to interact with each other, it is likely the occurrence of architectural mismatches related to assumptions in their failure behaviour. These mismatches, if not prevented during system design, have to be tolerated during runtime. This paper presents an architectural abstraction based on exception handling for structuring fault-tolerant software systems. This abstraction comprises several components and connectors that promote an existing untrusted software element into an idealised fault-tolerant architectural element. Moreover, it is considered in the context of a rigorous software development approach based on formal methods for representing the structure and behaviour of the software architecture. The proposed approach relies on a formal specification and verification for analysing exception propagation, and verifying important dependability properties, such as deadlock freedom, and scenarios of architectural reconfiguration. The formal models are automatically generated using model transformation from UML diagrams: component diagram representing the system structure, and sequence diagrams representing the system behaviour. Finally, the formal models are also used for generating unit and integration test cases that are used for assessing the correctness of the source code. The feasibility of the proposed architectural approach was evaluated on an embedded critical case study. Patrick Brito is supported by Fapesp/Brazil under Grant No. 06/02116–2 and CAPES/Brazil under Grant No. 0722–07–3. Cecília Rubira is partially supported by CNPq/Brazil under Grant Nos. 301446/2006–7 and 484138/2006–5.  相似文献
3.
构件功能行为测试的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
由于构件的内部信息屏蔽和演变速度快等特点,使用者在验证构件所提供的功能与其需求是否真正一致时往往比较困难.我们用接口自动机为构件的行为建模,研究构件功能行为的测试问题.首先提出基于简单运行的测试准则,然后介绍了从构件模型中生成简单运行序列并获得功能行为的算法,最后用一个实例对所提出的方法进行了说明并与相关方法进行了对比.文中介绍的方法在系统级别对构件整体行为进行测试,可自动生成测试序列,有利于构件的验证和测试.  相似文献
4.
AADL模型的测试方法研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
王庚  周兴社  张凡  董云卫 《计算机科学》2009,36(11):127-130
近几年来,MDA开发方式的应用使得如何保证模型质量成为研究的热点.以基于模型的测试为研究对象,研究了对AADL模型进行模型测试的方法,并提出了结合马尔可夫链对AADL模型进行测试的框架以及实施方法.最后,通过示例进一步说明了该方法.  相似文献
5.
This paper presents a model-driven, stress test methodology aimed at increasing chances of discovering faults related to network traffic in distributed real-time systems (DRTS). The technique uses the UML 2.0 model of the distributed system under test, augmented with timing information, and is based on an analysis of the control flow in sequence diagrams. It yields stress test requirements that are made of specific control flow paths along with time values indicating when to trigger them. The technique considers different types of arrival patterns (e.g., periodic) for real-time events (common to DRTSs), and generates test requirements which comply with such timing constraints. Though different variants of our stress testing technique already exist (that stress different aspects of a distributed system), they share a large amount of common concepts and we therefore focus here on one variant that is designed to stress test the system at a time instant when data traffic on a network is maximal. Our technique uses genetic algorithms to find test requirements which lead to maximum possible traffic-aware stress in a system under test. Using a real-world DRTS specification, we design and implement a prototype DRTS and describe, for that particular system, how the stress test cases are derived and executed using our methodology. The stress test results indicate that the technique is significantly more effective at detecting network traffic-related faults when compared to test cases based on an operational profile.  相似文献
6.
Model-based testing has been proposed as a technique to automatically verify that a system conforms to its specification. A popular approach is to use a model-checker to produce a set of test cases by formulating the test generation problem as a reachability problem. To guide the selection of test cases, a coverage criterion is often used. A coverage criterion can be seen as a set of items to be covered, called coverage items. We propose an on-the-fly algorithm that generates a test suite that covers all feasible coverage items. The algorithm returns a set of traces that includes a path fulfilling each item, without including redundant paths. The reachability algorithm explores a state only if it might increase the total coverage. The decision is global in the sense that it does not only regard each individual local search branch in isolation, but the total coverage in all branches together. For simpler coverage criteria as location of edge coverage, this implies that each model state is never explored twice.The algorithm presented in this paper has been implemented in the test generation tool Uppaal coer. We present encouraging results from applying the tool to a set of experiments and in an industrial sized case study.  相似文献
7.
This paper presents an approach to diminish the effort required in GUI modelling and test coverage analysis within a model-based GUI testing process. A familiar visual notation a subset of UML with minor extensions is used to model the structure, behaviour and usage of GUIs at a high level of abstraction and to describe test adequacy criteria. The GUI visual model is translated automatically to a model-based formal specification language (e.g., Spec), hiding formal details from the testers. Then, additional behaviour may be added to the formal model to be used as a test oracle. The adequacy of the test cases generated automatically from the formal model is accessed based on the structural coverage of the UML behavioural diagrams.  相似文献
8.
The development of large software systems is a complex and error prone process. Faults might occur at any development stage and they must be identified and removed as early as possible to stop their propagation and reduce verification costs. Quality engineers must be involved in the development process since the very early phases to identify required qualities and estimate their impact on the development process. Their tasks span over the whole development cycle and go beyond the product deployment through maintenance and post mortem analysis. Developing and enacting an effective quality process is not a simple task, but it requires that we integrate many quality-related activities with product characteristics, process organization, available resources and skills, and budget constraints.This paper discusses the main characteristics of a good quality process, then surveys the key testing phases and presents modern functional and model-based testing approaches.  相似文献
9.
提出了带约束事件的时序逻辑TLCE,用于描述系统运行中输入/输出事件之间的时序关系以及对事件参数的数据相关性约束。阐述了一种基于模型的并发系统测试框架,采用TLCE描述测试目的以引导测试用例生成。缓存一致性协议和会议协议的实例研究中所生成的测试用例集显著优于随机测试用例集。这说明了TLCE作为测试目的描述的有效性。  相似文献
10.
测试充分性评估通常采用覆盖率的方法来评估测试对软件特征的覆盖充分程度。如今,传统的充分性评估方法难以满足复杂软件的测试评估需求。首先,代码覆盖准则难以准确验证软件需求;其次,软件测试还需考虑软件不同特征对系统测试充分性的不同影响。对此,提出一种基于接口的建模方法和基于该模型的综合覆盖充分性评估方法。该方法根据软件接口说明,对系统功能进行特征抽取、建模,并对接口模型的测试用例进行不同层级的充分性评估,对评佑结果进行归一化处理,得到系统的综合测试充分性。通过案例表明,这种评佑方法能够反映功能的测试充分性,对测试用例的设计和优化有一定指导意义。  相似文献
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