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1.
We give a polynomial approximation scheme for the problem of scheduling on uniformly related parallel machines for a large class of objective functions that depend only on the machine completion times, including minimizing the lp norm of the vector of completion times. This generalizes and simplifies many previous results in this area.  相似文献
2.
This paper is concerned with a restricted version of minimum cost delay-constrained multicast in a network where each link has a delay and a cost. Given a source vertex $s$ and $p$ destination vertices $t_1, t_2, \ldots, t_p$ together with $p$ corresponding nonnegative delay constraints $d_1, d_2, \ldots, d_p$, many QoS multicast problems seek a minimum cost multicast tree in which the delay along the unique $s$--$t_i$ path is no more than $d_i$ for $1 \le i \le p$. This problem is NP-hard even when the topology of the multicast tree is fixed. In this paper we show that every multicast tree has an underlying Steiner topology and that every minimum cost delay-constrained multicast tree corresponds to a minimum cost delay-constrained realization of a corresponding Steiner topology. We present a fully polynomial time approximation scheme for computing a minimum cost delay-constrained multicast tree under a Steiner topology. We also present computational results of a preliminary implementation to illustrate the effectiveness of our algorithm and discuss its applications.  相似文献
3.
We develop new techniques for deriving strong computational lower bounds for a class of well-known NP-hard problems. This class includes weighted satisfiability, dominating set, hitting set, set cover, clique, and independent set. For example, although a trivial enumeration can easily test in time O(nk) if a given graph of n vertices has a clique of size k, we prove that unless an unlikely collapse occurs in parameterized complexity theory, the problem is not solvable in time f(k)no(k) for any function f, even if we restrict the parameter values to be bounded by an arbitrarily small function of n. Under the same assumption, we prove that even if we restrict the parameter values k to be of the order Θ(μ(n)) for any reasonable function μ, no algorithm of running time no(k) can test if a graph of n vertices has a clique of size k. Similar strong lower bounds on the computational complexity are also derived for other NP-hard problems in the above class. Our techniques can be further extended to derive computational lower bounds on polynomial time approximation schemes for NP-hard optimization problems. For example, we prove that the NP-hard distinguishing substring selection problem, for which a polynomial time approximation scheme has been recently developed, has no polynomial time approximation schemes of running time f(1/?)no(1/?) for any function f unless an unlikely collapse occurs in parameterized complexity theory.  相似文献
4.
We determine the computational complexity of the problem of ordering a set of n numbers, either into a sequence or a cycle, such that the maximum sum of any k successive numbers is minimal. Both problems are easy for k=2 and strongly NP-hard for any k?3. However, the two problems allow a polynomial-time approximation scheme that is linear in n.  相似文献
5.
This paper is concerned with a restricted version of minimum cost delay-constrained multicast in a network where each link has a delay and a cost. Given a source vertex $s$ and $p$ destination vertices $t_1, t_2, \ldots, t_p$ together with $p$ corresponding nonnegative delay constraints $d_1, d_2, \ldots, d_p$, many QoS multicast problems seek a minimum cost multicast tree in which the delay along the unique $s$--$t_i$ path is no more than $d_i$ for $1 \le i \le p$. This problem is NP-hard even when the topology of the multicast tree is fixed. In this paper we show that every multicast tree has an underlying Steiner topology and that every minimum cost delay-constrained multicast tree corresponds to a minimum cost delay-constrained realization of a corresponding Steiner topology. We present a fully polynomial time approximation scheme for computing a minimum cost delay-constrained multicast tree under a Steiner topology. We also present computational results of a preliminary implementation to illustrate the effectiveness of our algorithm and discuss its applications.  相似文献
6.
M. Karpinski 《Algorithmica》2001,30(3):386-397
We survey recent results on the existence of polynomial time approximation schemes for some dense instances of NP-hard combinatorial optimization problems. We indicate some inherent limits for the existence of such schemes for some other dense instances of optimization problems. We also go beyond the dense optimization problems and show how other approximation problems can be solved by using dense techniques. Received October 30, 1997; revised June 25, 1999, and April 17, 2000.  相似文献
7.
李曙光  李国君  王秀红 《软件学报》2006,17(10):2063-2068
考虑无界批量机器并行调度中极小化加权完工时间和问题.设有n个工件和m台批加工同型机.每个工件具有一个正权因子、一个释放时间和一个加工时间.每台机器可以同时加工Bn个工件.一个批次的加工时间是该批次所包含的所有工件的加工时间的最大者.在同一批次中加工的工件有相同的完工时间,即它们的共同开始时间加上该批次的加工时间.给出了一个多项式时间近似方案(PTAS).  相似文献
8.
We observe that the recent quasi-polynomial time approximation scheme (QPTAS) of Adamaszek and Wiese for the Maximum Weight Independent Set of Polygons problem, where polygons have at most a polylogarithmic number of vertices and nonnegative weights, yields:
1.
a QPTAS for the problem of finding, for a set S of n points in the plane, a planar straight-line graph (PSLG) whose vertices are the points in S and whose each interior face is a simple polygon with at most a polylogarithmic in n number of vertices such that the total weight of the inner faces is maximized, and in particular,  相似文献
9.
We consider the bounded parallel-batch scheduling problem in which the processing time of a job is a simple linear function of its starting time. The objective is to minimize the makespan. When the jobs have identical release dates, we present an optimal algorithm for the single-machine problem and an fully polynomial-time approximation scheme for the parallel-machine problem. When the jobs have distinct release dates, we show that the single-machine problem is NP-hard and present an optimal algorithm for one special case.  相似文献
10.
Given a node-weighted graph, the minimum-weighted dominating set (MWDS) problem is to find a minimum-weighted vertex subset such that, for any vertex, it is contained in this subset or it has a neighbor contained in this set. And the minimum-weighted connected dominating set (MWCDS) problem is to find a MWDS such that the graph induced by this subset is connected. In this paper, we study these two problems on a unit disk graph. A (4 +ε)-approximation algorithm for an MWDS based on a dynamic programming algorithm for a Min-Weight Chromatic Disk Cover is presented. Meanwhile, we also propose a (1 +ε)-approximation algorithm for the connecting part by showing a polynomial-time approximation scheme for a Node-Weighted Steiner Tree problem when the given terminal set is c-local and thus obtain a (5 +ε)-approximation algorithm for an MWCDS.  相似文献
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