首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   103725篇
  免费   10771篇
  国内免费   6720篇
电工技术   8509篇
技术理论   3篇
综合类   8888篇
化学工业   14332篇
金属工艺   6628篇
机械仪表   7296篇
建筑科学   8539篇
矿业工程   3325篇
能源动力   3254篇
轻工业   7380篇
水利工程   2775篇
石油天然气   4727篇
武器工业   1330篇
无线电   12529篇
一般工业技术   10591篇
冶金工业   3863篇
原子能技术   1588篇
自动化技术   15659篇
  2024年   160篇
  2023年   1339篇
  2022年   2673篇
  2021年   4004篇
  2020年   3036篇
  2019年   2509篇
  2018年   2734篇
  2017年   2963篇
  2016年   2621篇
  2015年   4178篇
  2014年   5477篇
  2013年   6476篇
  2012年   7966篇
  2011年   8726篇
  2010年   8179篇
  2009年   7840篇
  2008年   7958篇
  2007年   7746篇
  2006年   7232篇
  2005年   5702篇
  2004年   4187篇
  2003年   3414篇
  2002年   3291篇
  2001年   2788篇
  2000年   2176篇
  1999年   1493篇
  1998年   874篇
  1997年   733篇
  1996年   614篇
  1995年   512篇
  1994年   396篇
  1993年   304篇
  1992年   199篇
  1991年   166篇
  1990年   115篇
  1989年   105篇
  1988年   65篇
  1987年   53篇
  1986年   52篇
  1985年   16篇
  1984年   20篇
  1983年   21篇
  1982年   16篇
  1981年   19篇
  1980年   15篇
  1979年   9篇
  1977年   8篇
  1976年   3篇
  1959年   17篇
  1951年   9篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
电磁超声换能器一般采用具有超强磁力的稀土永磁制作,在实际检测中由于磁力不可控,存在偏置磁场不够强导致换能效率过低和磁力过强造成操作不方便等问题.提出一种偏置磁场磁力可控的电磁超声换能器,采用电磁铁与永磁铁相结合的方式,达到偏置磁场磁力可控的目的.通过有限元仿真和试验得出,提出的偏置磁场磁力可控的电磁超声换能器,在电磁铁处于关闭模式下,永磁铁能够提供基础磁场;采用增强模式或减弱模式,无被测物时,换能器下表面平均垂直磁通最大分别增强78.58%和减弱19.36%,而提离2 mm检测钢板时,换能器下方钢板表面平均垂直磁通最大分别增强52.99%和减弱38.02%;得出3种模式下,探头磁力随着提离距离缩小而增强的试验曲线;通过增强模式对铝板和钢板进行测厚试验,将检测信号幅值分别提高46.91%和62.01%.所设计的磁力可控电磁超声换能器不仅具有磁力可控的功能,还能够提高检测信号幅值.  相似文献   
2.
3.
The effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, particularly UV-B on algae, have become an important issue as human-caused depletion of the protecting ozone layer has been reported. In this study, the effects of different short-term UV-B radiation on the growth, physiology, and metabolism of Porphyra haitanensis were examined. The growth of P. haitanensis decreased, and the bleaching phenomenon occurred in the thalli. The contents of total amino acids, soluble sugar, total protein, and mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) increased under different UV-B radiation intensities. The metabolic profiles of P. haitanensis differed between the control and UV-B radiation-treated groups. Most of the differential metabolites in P. haitanensis were significantly upregulated under UV-B exposure. Short-term enhanced UV-B irradiation significantly affected amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and phenylpropane biosynthesis. The contents of phenylalanine, tyrosine, threonine, and serine were increased, suggesting that amino acid metabolism can promote the synthesis of UV-absorbing substances (such as phenols and MAAs) by providing precursor substances. The contents of sucrose, D-glucose-6-phosphate, and beta-D-fructose-6-phosphate were increased, suggesting that carbohydrate metabolism contributes to maintain energy supply for metabolic activity in response to UV-B exposure. Meanwhile, dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) was also significantly upregulated, denoting effective activation of the antioxidant system. To some extent, these results provide metabolic insights into the adaptive response mechanism of P. haitanensis to short-term enhanced UV-B radiation.  相似文献   
4.
The strengthening method of multi-element M-site solid solution is a common approach to improve mechanical properties of MAX phase ceramic. However, the research on capability of multi-element A-site solid solution to improve mechanical properties has rarely been reported. Thereupon, quasi-high-entropy MAX phase ceramic bulks of Ti2(Al1?xAx)C and Ti3(Al1?xAx)C2 (A = Ga, In, Sn, x = 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) were successfully synthesized by in situ vacuum hot pressing via multi-elements solid solution. The multi-elements solid solution in single-atom thick A layer was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as well as by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mappings. Effects of doped multi-elements contents on the phase, microstructure, mechanical properties, and high temperature tribological behaviors were studied. Results demonstrated that the Vickers hardness, anisotropic flexural strength, fracture toughness, and tribological properties of Ti–Al–C based MAX ceramics could be remarkably improved by constitution of quasi-high-entropy MAX phase in A layers. Moreover, the strengthening and wear mechanisms were also discussed in detail. This method of multi-element solid solution at A-site provides new way to enhance mechanical properties of other MAX phase ceramics.  相似文献   
5.
Chronic infections are considered one of the most severe problems in skin wounds, and bacteria are present in over 90% of chronic wounds. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is frequently isolated from chronic wounds and is thought to be a cause of delayed wound healing. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, unique lymphocytes with a potent regulatory ability in various inflammatory responses, accelerate the wound healing process. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of iNKT cells in the host defense against P. aeruginosa inoculation at the wound sites. We analyzed the re-epithelialization, bacterial load, accumulation of leukocytes, and production of cytokines and antimicrobial peptides. In iNKT cell–deficient (Jα18KO) mice, re-epithelialization was significantly decreased, and the number of live colonies was significantly increased, when compared with those in wild-type (WT) mice on day 7. IL-17A, and IL-22 production was significantly lower in Jα18KO mice than in WT mice on day 5. Furthermore, the administration of α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), a specific activator of iNKT cells, led to enhanced host protection, as shown by reduced bacterial load, and to increased production of IL-22, IL-23, and S100A9 compared that of with WT mice. These results suggest that iNKT cells promote P. aeruginosa clearance during skin wound healing.  相似文献   
6.
介绍了解的适定性、Carleman估计、可观测性不等式和最优控制概念,通过推导证明存在一个控制函数,使原方程的解在t=T时为零,说明此方程具有零可控性.  相似文献   
7.
蔡俊 《当代化工》2021,50(5):1069-1073
基于电沉积法,针对某铝箔生产企业所产生的高含铝离子废水,通过不同峰值电流密度下形成的电沉积试样的相关电化学曲线测试结果和镀层中的Al质量分数分析,确定所采用电沉积法的最佳峰值电流密度为9 A·dm-2,此时沉积层中铝质量分数为33.21%,原子数量占比为24.69%.  相似文献   
8.
气藏平均地层压力跟踪计算新方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
平均地层压力是产能评价和动态分析的基础,准确、快速获取平均地层压力对高效开发气藏意义重大。基于地层压力随时间变化的规律,分析了平均地层压力的变化规律。研究结果表明:平均地层压力等效点仅随时间发生改变,平均地层压力的下降速率等于或者近似等于井底流压的下降速率。从封闭弹性驱动气藏的物质平衡方程出发,考虑偏差系数和井底流压随平均地层压力的变化,推导建立了平均地层压力跟踪计算新方法,根据生产数据可迭代计算平均地层压力。方法验证结果显示,采气速度和采出程度共同影响模型的计算结果。应用实例表明,跟踪计算法与压力恢复试井和物质平衡法之间的相对误差均较小,满足工程计算精度要求,且跟踪计算法不需依托生产测试数据,节约了测试费用,避免了测试占产。  相似文献   
9.
Forty samples of optically active falcarindiol analogues are synthesized by using the easily available C2 symmetric (R)- and (S)-1,1’-binaphth-2-ol (BINOL) in combination with Ti(OiPr)4, Zn powder and EtI. Their anticancer activities on Hccc-9810, HepG2, MDA-MB-231, Hela, MG-63 and H460 cells are assayed to elucidate their structure-activity relationships. These results showed that the falcarindiol analogue (3R,8S)- 2 i with the terminal double bond has the most potent anti-proliferation effect on Hccc-9810 cells with IC50 value of 0.46 μM. The falcarindiol analogue (3R,8S)- 2 i can induce obvious Hccc-9810 cell apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner by Hoechst staining and flow cytometry analysis. The proposed mechanism suggests that the falcarindiol analogue (3R,8S)- 2 i increases LDH release and MDA content, and reduces the levels of SOD activity, which lead to the accumulation of oxidative stress and induce apoptosis in Hccc-9810 cells.  相似文献   
10.
A recent development in tactile technology enables an improvement in the appreciation of the visual arts for people with visual impairment (PVI). The tactile sense, in conjunction with, or a possibly as an alternative to, the auditory sense, would allow PVIs to approach artwork in a more self‐driven and engaging way that would be difficult to achieve with just an auditory stimulus. Tactile colour pictograms (TCPs), which are raised geometric patterns, are ideographic characters that are designed to enable PVIs to identify colours and interpret information by touch. In this article, three TCPs are introduced to code colours in the Munsell colour system. Each colour pattern consists of a basic cell size of 10 mm × 10 mm to represent the patterns consistently in terms of regular shape. Each TCP consists of basic geometric patterns that are combined to create primary, secondary, and tertiary colour pictograms of shapes indicating colour hue, intensity and lightness. Each TCP represents 29 colours including six hues; they were then further expanded to represent 53 colours. Two of them did not increase the cell size, the other increased the cell size 1.5 times for some colours, such as yellow‐orange, yellow, blue, and blue‐purple. Our proposed TCPs use a slightly larger cell size compared to most tactile patterns currently used to indicate colour, but code for more colours. With user experience and identification tests, conducted with 23 visually impaired adults, the effectiveness of the TCPs suggests that they were helpful for the participants.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号