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1.
随着工业互联网、车联网、元宇宙等新型互联网应用的兴起,网络的低时延、可靠性、安全性、确定性等方面的需求正面临严峻挑战。采用网络功能虚拟化技术在虚拟网络部署过程中,存在服务功能链映射效率低与部署资源开销大等问题,联合考虑节点激活成本、实例化开销,以最小化平均部署网络成本为优化目标建立了整数线性规划模型,提出基于改进灰狼优化算法的服务功能链映射(improved grey wolf optimization based service function chain mapping,IMGWO-SFCM)算法。该算法在标准灰狼优化算法基础上添加了基于无环K最短路径(K shortest path,KSP)问题算法的映射方案搜索、映射方案编码以及基于反向学习与非线性收敛改进三大策略,较好地平衡了其全局搜索及局部搜索能力,实现服务功能链映射方案的快速确定。仿真结果显示,该算法在保证更高的服务功能链请求接受率下,相较于对比算法降低了11.86%的平均部署网络成本。  相似文献   
2.
This study aimed to determine the main bioactive components of Cornus officinalis vinegar (COV) and assess the effects of COV on the body weight (BW) and hepatic steatosis in a nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) mouse model. Seven-week-old KM female mice were divided into five treatment groups: (1) Normal control (NC) group, (2) high fat diet (HFD) group, (3) low concentration treatment group (3.5% COV), (4) medium concentration treatment group (5.0% COV), and (5) high concentration treatment group (6.5% COV). Mice in the NC group were fed with a normal chow diet, and those in the other four groups were fed with a HFD known for causing obesity for 10 weeks. Then, mice in the three COV treatment groups were orally administered with COV once a day for 6 weeks. Results showed that the contents of loganin and morroniside in COV reached 16.82 and 51.17 µg/ml, respectively, and COV also contained multiple organic acids. COV significantly reduced BW, abdominal fat weight, liver weight, and the levels of glucose, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol of serum and increased the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol of serum (< 0.05). COV also improved the liver function and anti-oxidant activity of liver (< 0.05). COV treatments increased the interleukin-10 expression and reduced the tumor necrosis factor-α expression in the liver tissue of NAFLD mice (< 0.05). Histopathological observation revealed that COV suppressed hepatic lipid accumulation and steatosis. The results suggest that COV may contribute to the alleviation of NAFLD and obesity.  相似文献   
3.
In this article, the memory-based dynamic event-triggered controller design issue is investigated for networked interval type-2 (IT2) fuzzy systems under non-periodic denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. For saving limited network bandwidth, a novel memory-based dynamic event-triggered mechanism (DETM) is proposed to schedule data communication. Unlike existing event-triggered generators, the developed memory-based DETM can utilize a series of newly released signals and further save network resources by introducing interval dynamic variables. Moreover, to improve design flexibility, an IT2 fuzzy controller with freely selectable fuzzy rule number and premise membership functions (MFs) is synthesized. Then, a new switched time-delay system with imperfectly matched MFs is established under the consideration of memory-based DETM and DoS attacks simultaneously. Besides, based on the property of MFs, the boundary information of membership grades and slack matrices are introduced in the stability analysis. Furthermore, by using a piecewise Lyapunov–Krasovskii method, membership-functions-dependent criteria are deduced to ensure the asymptotic stability of built fuzzy switched systems. Finally, the effectiveness of proposed control strategies is demonstrated by simulation examples.  相似文献   
4.
In the present investigation, systematic grinding experiments were conducted in a laboratory ball mill to determine the breakage properties of low-grade PGE bearing chromite ore. The population balance modeling technique was used to study the breakage parameters such as primary breakage distribution (Bi, j) and the specific rates of breakage (Si). The breakage and selection function values were determined for six feed sizes. The results stated that the breakage follows the first-order grinding kinetics for all the feed sizes. It was observed that the coarser feed sizes exhibit higher selection function values than the finer feed size. Further, an artificial neural network was used to predict breakage characteristics of low-grade PGE bearing chromite ore. The predicted results obtained from the neural network modeling were close to the experimental results with a correlation of determination R2 = 0.99 for both product size and selection function.  相似文献   
5.
Evaluating the efficiency of healthcare services accurately can help in analyzing the rationality of inputs and outputs in such services. Considering the consistency and equity of assessment criteria, this study conducts the stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis (SMAA-2) with a directional distance function to evaluate the efficiency of healthcare services in 31 provincial administrative regions of mainland China, as observed in 2018. We use SMAA-DDF to explore all the projection directions to the efficient frontier instead of a certain projection direction. We measure the maximum and average efficiencies for each of the 31 provincial healthcare services. Our empirical findings show that only seven provinces achieve optimal healthcare service efficiency; the eastern area performed the best, followed by the central, western, and northeast areas. Furthermore, the path along the projection directions is provided to help inefficient provinces improve their efficiency and obtain the best possible positions.  相似文献   
6.
番茄叶病种类多、成因复杂,其预防和识别难度较大。传统基于机器学习的方法多靠人工识别,需要一定的专家经验,且具有主观性强、识别准确率不高等缺点。为实现番茄叶病特征的自动提取,并提高识别准确率,提出一种基于深度学习的番茄叶病识别模型。该模型基于卷积神经网络对番茄叶部病害特征进行自动提取,获得高维特征后,采用PCA降维算法去除冗余特征;从增大类间距离并减小类内距离的角度改进了softmax分类器,提高了识别准确率。将该模型在CrowdAI提供的数据集上进行了仿真验证,结果表明,该模型能够对番茄叶部常见10种病害进行自动提取特征和识别,综合识别准确率达到95%以上。  相似文献   
7.
新型冠状病毒可以通过空气中的飞沫、气溶胶等载体进行传播,在公共场所下正确佩戴口罩可以有效地防止病毒的传播。提出了一种自然场景下人脸口罩佩戴检测方法,对RetinaFace算法进行了改进,增加了人脸口罩佩戴检测任务,优化了损失函数。在特征金字塔网络中引入了一种改进的自注意力机制,增强了特征图的表达能力。建立了包含3 000张图片的数据集,并进行手工标注,用于网络训练。实验结果表明该算法可以有效进行口罩佩戴检测,在自然场景视频中也取得了不错的检测效果。  相似文献   
8.
为了提升脑胶质瘤分割精度,提出一种结合注意力机制的3D卷积神经网络算法。输入3个不同尺度的图像块,经过9个卷积层和1个分类层后得到3个不同的分类结果,将分类结果与注意力学习到的权重相乘并逐体素相加得到输出。此外该算法采用了一种混合Dice损失函数与Focal损失函数的超参数损失函数。实验表明,该算法的Dice系数在整体区域、核心区域以及增强区域分别达到了95.31%、80.12%、82.25%。与已有的一种脑胶质瘤分割算法deepmedic相比,整体区域、核心区域以及增强区域的Dice系数分别提升了3%、2%、6%。在脑胶质瘤分割方面,具有重要的临床意义。  相似文献   
9.
This article presents a hands‐off control design for discrete‐time nonlinear system with a special type of nonlinear sector termed as “discrete‐time sector.” The design method to define the boundary of a discrete‐time sector is done with control‐Lyapunov function. The generalization of nonlinear system is viewed in the perspective of a comparison function. By means of a proposed sector, a switching control is designed such that no control action is experienced inside the sector thus, saving unnecessary control efforts. However, to study the robustness for discrete‐time system, a hands‐off control is modified to ensure the monotonic decrease in the energy of the system. Finally, the proposed approach is verified with the simulation results.  相似文献   
10.
This paper introduces two novel nonlinear stochastic attitude estimators developed on the Special Orthogonal Group with the tracking error of the normalized Euclidean distance meeting predefined transient and steady‐state characteristics. The tracking error is confined to initially start within a predetermined large set such that the transient performance is guaranteed to obey dynamically reducing boundaries and decrease smoothly and asymptotically to the origin in probability from almost any initial condition. The proposed estimators produce accurate attitude estimates with remarkable convergence properties using measurements obtained from low‐cost inertial measurement units. The estimators proposed in continuous form are complemented by their discrete versions for the implementation purposes. The simulation results illustrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed estimators against uncertain measurements and large initialization error, whether in continuous or discrete form.  相似文献   
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