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1.
针对传统的电弧电路故障检测结果不准确的问题,设计用于电弧检测的SoC系统,并且在55nm工艺下进行流片验证。采用包含两种结构的模数转换器的片上电压源,设计了锁相环以及复位电路,精度最高可达8.67 bit。验证结果表明,本设计可提高电弧检测的准确性。  相似文献   
2.
The digestion of starch-based foods in the small intestine as well as factors affecting their digestibility have been previously investigated and reviewed in detail. Starch digestibility has been studied both in vivo and in vitro, with increasing interest in the use of in vitro models. Although previous in vivo studies have indicated the effect of mastication and gastric digestion on the digestibility of solid starch-based foods, the physical breakdown of starch-based foods prior to small intestinal digestion is often less considered. Moreover, gastric digestion has received little attention in the attempt to understand the digestion of solid starch-based foods in the digestive tract. In this review, the physical breakdown of starch-based foods in the mouth and stomach, the quantification of these breakdown processes, and their links to physiological outcomes, such as gastric emptying and glycemic response, are discussed. In addition, the physical breakdown aspects related to gastric digestion that need to be considered when developing in vitroin vivo correlation in starch digestion studies are discussed. The discussion demonstrates that physical breakdown prior to small intestinal digestion, especially during gastric digestion, should not be neglected in understanding the digestion of solid starch-based foods.  相似文献   
3.
扶梯制动系统是扶梯在出现紧急状况下确保乘客安全的重要设施。制动系统中的安全制动是在工作制动器无法在规定的时间内制停扶梯的一个措施,往往是在一些特别危险的场合下被触发,因此对于此制动器的控制显得尤为重要。本文提出了一种新型的自动扶梯制动器电磁铁驱动电路的设计,该设计用纯电子线路替代了传统的电气与电子组合形式,直接由自动扶梯单片机控制单元进行控制。  相似文献   
4.
Dielectric breakdown is a fundamental issue for ferroelectric ceramics. In this work, a phase-field method is introduced to study the breakdown behavior of ferroelectric ceramics with pores randomly distributed. Effects of the position and the size of pores on the breakdown behavior are analyzed. Results indicate that the position of pores, for example in grains or at grain boundaries, has a significant influence on the breakdown strength of ferroelectric ceramics. The nominal breakdown strength of ferroelectric ceramics with 2 % pores at grain boundaries is almost 50 % higher than 2 % pores in grains. Further, for ferroelectric ceramics with a certain porosity, the smaller the pore size, the higher the breakdown strength. As the nominal pore size decreases from 2.5 to 1, the nominal breakdown strength is enhanced from 0.73 to 1.16. Such results agree well with the widely accepted Gerson-Marshall model and previously published experimental observations.  相似文献   
5.
In double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy(DP-LIBS), the collinear femtosecond double-pulse laser configuration is experimentally investigated with different initial sample temperatures using a Ti:sapphire laser. The glass sample is ablated to produce the plasma spectroscopy. During the experiment, the detected spectral lines include two Na(I) lines(589.0 nm and 589.6 nm) and one Ca(I) line at the wavelength of 585.7 nm. The emission lines are measured at room temperature(22 ℃) and three higher initial sample temperatures(T_s?=?100 ℃, 200 ℃, and 250 ℃). The inter-pulse delay time ranges from-250 ps to 250 ps.The inter-pulse delay time and the sample temperature strongly influence the spectral intensity,and the spectral intensity can be significantly enhanced by increasing the sample temperature and selecting the optimized inter-pulse time. For the same inter-pulse time of 0 ps(single-pulse LIBS), the enhancement ratio is approximately 2.5 at T_s?=?200 ℃ compared with that obtained at T_s?=?22 ℃. For the same inter-pulse time of 150 ps, the enhancement ratio can be up to 4 at T_s?=?200 ℃ compared with that obtained at T_s?=?22 ℃. The combined enhancement effects of the different initial sample temperatures and the double-pulse configuration in femtosecond LIBS are much stronger than that of the different initial sample temperatures or the double-pulse configuration only.  相似文献   
6.
The 3D structure electromagnetic computation presents several difficulties related to the volume mesh. In fact, the entire volume space must be taken into account even the smallest details. In this article, we propose a formulation based on the reciprocity theorem combined with the generalized equivalent circuit method to model a planar 3D structure with both coaxial and planar excitation. The major advantage of this formulation is the fact to reduce the computational volume into 2D ones in the discontinuity plane. In addition, we focused on the calculation of the discontinuity between the excitation source and the planar structure to determine the exact behavior of the electric coaxial excitation model. The obtained current density, electric field distributions, and the input impedance are presented and discussed in the following sections. An approximately good agreement of input impedance with those obtained by the simulator and measurement is shown.  相似文献   
7.
使用诱骗态量子秘钥方案可以解决因光子数分离攻击而导致的安全漏洞,保证了长距离量子通信的安全。本文介绍了量子通信的相关原理,通过对电吸收调制电路和激光器驱动电路的设计,精确控制产生了1550 nm波段的窄脉冲,经过内部调制成功制备诱骗态光脉冲,其强度约为信号态光脉冲的三分之一,因激光器的同一性而具有一致的光学特征从而避免了时频窃听,并具有强度可调的优点。  相似文献   
8.
An experimental setup has been designed and realized in order to optimize the characteristics of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy system working in various pressure environments. An approach combined the normalization methods with the partial least squares(PLS) method are developed for quantitative analysis of molybdenum(Mo) element in the multi-component alloy,which is the first wall material in the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak. In this study, the different spectral normalization methods(total spectral area normalization,background normalization, and reference line normalization) are investigated for reducing the uncertainty and improving the accuracy of spectral measurement. The results indicates that the approach of PLS based on inter-element interference is significantly better than the conventional PLS methods as well as the univariate linear methods in the various pressure for molybdenum element analysis.  相似文献   
9.
现有文献针对计及转子变流器(RSC)控制的双馈感应风电机组(DFIG)定子短路电流解析表达,将定子磁链当作一阶直流衰减分量或忽略功率外环控制。基于DFIG电压、磁链和RSC控制方程,得到定子电流关于定子电压和定子功率的传递函数,提出定子电流的精确解析表达式。基于RSC内、外环PI参数关系,推导直流分量衰减时间常数和角频率关于PI参数的表达式。分析了RSC内外环PI参数对定子电流直流衰减分量的影响。仿真结果验证了解析表达式的准确性,为PI参数选取和保护装置测量、整定提供依据。  相似文献   
10.
王芳 《能源与节能》2020,(4):85-86,192
简要介绍了本安先导电路的判定及继电器隔离方式的本安先导电路原理,运用3种方法分析了矿井低压电网漏电故障,最后在此基础上,从组合开关对电压保护、短路保护和过载保护三个方面,详细探讨了基于组合开关的矿井低压电网保护,相信可以通过多方面的综合分析研究出更可靠、保护更加全面和智能的组合开关,从而为中国井下煤矿的安全机械化开采提供更有保障的服务。  相似文献   
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