首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   322544篇
  免费   25459篇
  国内免费   12935篇
电工技术   18176篇
技术理论   33篇
综合类   20566篇
化学工业   54691篇
金属工艺   18818篇
机械仪表   20829篇
建筑科学   25651篇
矿业工程   10484篇
能源动力   8883篇
轻工业   19912篇
水利工程   5501篇
石油天然气   21736篇
武器工业   2653篇
无线电   35572篇
一般工业技术   37507篇
冶金工业   16303篇
原子能技术   3528篇
自动化技术   40095篇
  2024年   1056篇
  2023年   5011篇
  2022年   8260篇
  2021年   12847篇
  2020年   9647篇
  2019年   8093篇
  2018年   9141篇
  2017年   10281篇
  2016年   9008篇
  2015年   12603篇
  2014年   15658篇
  2013年   18561篇
  2012年   20283篇
  2011年   22054篇
  2010年   19198篇
  2009年   18255篇
  2008年   17790篇
  2007年   17260篇
  2006年   18104篇
  2005年   15952篇
  2004年   10271篇
  2003年   9046篇
  2002年   8551篇
  2001年   7598篇
  2000年   7955篇
  1999年   9146篇
  1998年   7209篇
  1997年   6163篇
  1996年   5780篇
  1995年   4725篇
  1994年   3950篇
  1993年   2783篇
  1992年   2273篇
  1991年   1669篇
  1990年   1216篇
  1989年   976篇
  1988年   788篇
  1987年   522篇
  1986年   384篇
  1985年   247篇
  1984年   173篇
  1983年   114篇
  1982年   136篇
  1981年   88篇
  1980年   75篇
  1979年   26篇
  1978年   2篇
  1965年   2篇
  1959年   6篇
  1951年   2篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 156 毫秒
1.
2.
3.
The effects of cellulose microfibres (CMFs, Average size: 100 ± 5 μm) and cellulose nanofibres (CNFs, Average size: 60 ± 3 nm) on the properties of myofibrillar protein (MP) gels from duck breast meat were studied. The results demonstrated that CMFs and CNFs were mostly connected to MP by non-covalent bonds, the diffusion and cross-linking of MP molecules was promoted, and a denser and more complete gel network was formed. With the increases of CMFs and CNFs concentration (0–10%), the hardness was increased by 13.15% and 19.78% for CMFs10% and CNFs10% gels, respectively, and the elasticity was increased by 40% and 80%, respectively. At the same concentration (0–10%), the increase in gel hardness, viscoelasticity and immobilised water content was greater in the CNFs-MP group than in the CMFs-MP group. The CNFs-MP group had a tighter gel network, and CNFs had a better potential to improve the gelation performance of MP.  相似文献   
4.
Ripe carambolas are hard to store and transport, while freeze-dried ones are easy to store. However, its long production time leads to higher costs. This study shows that high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment could shorten the freeze-drying time of carambola slices. After HHP treatment (25–250 MPa), the drying time of the fresh sample can be shortened by 33.3–44.4% and the distribution of water and pigment in tissues is much uniform. With the increment of the pressure, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radical scavenging rate are increased. At 250 MPa, the total phenolic content (TPC) increased from 11.34 to 13.36 mg GAE g−1, and the total flavonoid content (TFC) of the control sample was increased from 10.77 to 12.73 mg RE g−1. Compared with the untreated sample, HHP treatment can enhance the flavour and shorten the freeze-drying time. This work guides the application of HHP technology for drying food processing.  相似文献   
5.
The article investigates the finite-time adaptive fuzzy control for a class of nonlinear systems with output constraint and input dead-zone. First, by skillfully combining the barrier Lyapunov function, backstepping design method, and finite-time control theory, a novel adaptive state-feedback tracking controller is constructed, and the output constraint of the nonlinear system is not violated. Second, the fuzzy logic system is used to approximate unknown function in the nonlinear system. Third, the finite-time command filter is introduced to avoid the problem of “complexity explosion” caused by repeated differentiations of the virtual control signal in conventional backstepping control schemes. Meanwhile, a new saturation function is added in the compensating signal for filter error to improve control accuracy. Finally, based on Lyapunov stability analysis, all the signals of the closed-loop are proved to be semi-globally uniformly ultimately bounded, and the tracking error converges to a small neighborhood region of the origin in a finite time. A simulation example is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness for the proposed control scheme.  相似文献   
6.
Polymer electrets have revealed great potential application in electromechanical devices because of the low weight, large quasi-piezoelectric sensitivity, and excellent flexibility. For an electret, a permanent and macroscopic electric field exists on the surface, principally led by a macroscopic electrostatic charge on the surface or a net orientation of polar groups inside the object. Here, progress in the development of polymer electrets is reviewed. After a brief retrospect of the research courses and those typical polymer electrets that are classified into fluorine polymer and nonfluorine polymer, we present a survey on the charging methods, including corona, soft X-ray, contact, thermal and monoenergetic particle beams. The latest representative applications (i.e., power harvesting, sensors, field effect transistors, and biomedicine) based on polymer electrets are also summarized. Finally, we complete this review with a discussion on perspectives and challenges in this field.  相似文献   
7.
In this work, the composition-dependent point defect types and formation energies of RE2Hf2O7 (RE = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu and Gd) as well as the oxygen diffusion behavior are systematically investigated by first-principles calculations. The possible defect reactions and dominant defect complexes under stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric conditions are revealed. It is found that O Frenkel pairs are the predominant defect in stoichiometric pyrochlore hafnates. Hf-RE cation anti-site defects, accompanied by RE vacancies and/or oxygen interstitials, are stable in the non-stoichiometric case of HfO2 excess. On the other hand, RE-Hf anti-site defects together with oxygen vacancies and/or RE interstitials are preferable in the case of RE2O3 excess. The energy barriers for the migration along the VO48f - VO48f pathway of pyrochlore hafnates were calculated to be between 0.81 eV and 0.89 eV. Based on these results, a defect engineering strategy is proposed and the pyrochlore hafnates investigated here are predicted to exhibit potential oxygen ionic conductivity.  相似文献   
8.
Neural Processing Letters - The boundedness and the global Mittag-Leffler synchronization (GMLS) of fractional-order inertial Cohen–Grossberg neural networks (CGNNS) with time delays are...  相似文献   
9.
以“创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享”为内核的新发展理念,是对马克思主义发展理念的继承和发扬,极具时代精神,富含问题意识,为高校思想政治教育发展、教育教学改革实践提供了强大的理论支撑。本文以“通信原理”为例,阐述了新发展理念在课程改革中的思路和方法,实现了思想政治教育与专业基础课程有机融合,为深化高校教学改革、创新人才培养模式提供了思路。  相似文献   
10.
Ceramic microparticles have great potentials in various fields such as materials engineering, biotechnology, microelectromechanical systems, etc. Morphology of the microparticle performs an important role on their application. To date, it remains difficult to find an effective and controllable way for fabricating nonspherical ceramic microparticles with 3D features. This work demonstrates a method that combines UV light lithography and single emulsion opaque-droplet-templated microfluidic molding to prepare the crescent-shaped ceramic microparticles. By tailoring the intensity of UV light and flow rate of fluid, the shapes of microparticles are accordingly tuned. Therefore, varieties of crescent-shaped microparticles and their variations have been fabricated. After sintering, the crescent-shaped alumina ceramic microparticles were obtained. Benefitting from the light absorption and scattering behavior of most ceramic nanoparticles, this system can serve as a general platform to produce crescent-shaped microparticles made from different materials, and hold great potentials for applications in microrobotics, structural materials in MEMS, and biotechnology.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号