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1.
Reconstruction of spectral information based on multi‐channel image system is a significant problem in color reproduction, detection, and recognition. A spectral radiance reconstruction from trichromatic digital camera responses is researched in this article. The mapping relationship between the trichromatic imaging system response and the incident spectral radiance is analyzed. Then, in order to remove the ill‐posedness of the problem, a regularized constraint solution model of spectral radiance reconstruction matrix is established. And the spectral radiance can be reconstructed by spectral radiance reconstruction matrices and trichromatic imaging system response. Finally, the spectral radiance reconstruction matrix is estimated by the system radiometric calibration experiment. The input radiance is offered by a LCD display. A 3‐factor and 9‐level orthogonal test is designed for the calibration experiment, and a test set of 24 colors is used for precision analysis. The results show that the average relative mean error of our method is 8.69%, it is lower than that of Wiener filtering method by 2.84%. The method can reconstruct spectral radiance information effectively.  相似文献   
2.
利用蒸馏分离—气相色谱法技术,建立了同时测定煤焦油中苊、氧芴和芴的分析方法。通过对色谱条件的优化,以甲苯为溶剂,正十二烷为内标物,将煤焦油馏分采用DB-5毛细管柱,对煤焦油中苊、氧芴和芴定量分析。分析结果表明:3种主要成分线性关系良好,相关系数均大于0.9995,加标回收率为95.4%~102.4%,相对标准偏差为2.89%~7.14%。该方法分离效果好,检测结果准确、可靠。  相似文献   
3.
The applications of antiferroelectric (AFE) materials in miniaturized and integrated electronic devices are limited by their low energy density. To address the above issue, the antiferroelectricity of the reinforced material was designed to improve its AFE-ferroelectric (FE) phase transition under electric fields. In this present study, the composition of Zr4+ (0.72 Å) and Ti4+ (0.605 Å) at B-site of Pb0.97La0.02(ZrxSn0.05Ti0.95-x)O3 ceramics with orthogonal reflections are synthesized via the tape-casting method. These ceramics are modified to enhance their antiferroelectricity by reducing their tolerance factor. A recoverable energy storage density Wrec 12.1 J/cm3 was obtained for x = 0.93 under 376 kV/cm, which is superior value than reported until now in lead-based energy storage systems. Moreover, the discharge energy density can reach 10.23 J/cm3, and 90 % of which can be released within 5.66 μs. This work provides a new window and potential materials for further industrialization of pulse power capacitors.  相似文献   
4.
The construction and examination of meso-structural finite element models of a Chemical-Vapor-Infiltrated (CVI) C/SiC composite is carried out based on X-ray microtomography digital images (IB-FEM). The accurate meso-structural features of the C/SiC composites, which are consisted of carbon fiber tows and CVI-SiC matrix, in particular the cavity defects, are reconstructed. With the IB-FEM, the damage evolution and fracture behaviors of the C/SiC composite are investigated. At the same time, an in situ tensile test is applied to the C/SiC composite under a CT real-time quantitative imaging system, aiming to investigate the damage and failure features of the material as well as to verify the IB-FEM. The IB-FEM results indicate that material damage initially occur at the defects, followed by propagating toward the fiber-tow/SiC-matrix interfaces, ultimately, combined into macro-cracks, which is in good agreement with the in situ CT experiment results.  相似文献   
5.
Yb3+/Er3+codoped La10W22O81 (LWO) nanophosphor rods have been successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal assisted solid state reaction method, and their upconversion photoluminescence properties were systematically studied. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the nanophosphors have an orthorhombic structure with space group Pbcn (60). A microflowers-like morphology with irregular hexagonal nanorods was observed using field emission scanning electron microscopy for the Yb3+(2 mol%)/Er3+(2 mol%):LWO nanophosphor. The shape and size of the nanophosphor and the elements along with their ionic states in the material were confirmed by TEM and XPS studies, respectively. A green upconversion emission was observed in the Er3+: LWO nanophosphors under 980 nm laser excitation. A significant improvement in upconversion emission has been observed in the Er3+: LWO nanophosphors by increasing the Er3+ ion concentration. A decrease in the upconversion emission occurred due to concentration quenching when the doping concentration of Er3+ ions was greater than 2 mol%. An optimized Er3+(2 mol%): LWO nanophosphor exhibited a strong near infrared emission at 1.53 μm by 980 nm excitation. The green upconversion emission of Er3+(2 mol%): LWO was remarkably enhanced by co-doping with Yb3+ ions under 980 nm excitation because of energy transfer from Yb3+ to Er3+. The naked eye observed this upconversion emission when co-doping with 2 mol% Yb3+. In order to obtain the high upconversion green emission, the optimized sensitizer concentration of Yb3+ ions was found to be 2 mol%. The upconversion emission trends were studied as a function of stimulating laser power for an optimized sample. Moreover, the NIR emission intensity has also been enhanced by co-doping with Yb3+ ions due to energy transfer from Yb3+ to Er3+. The energy transfer dynamics were systematically elucidated by energy level scheme. Colorimetric coordinates were determined for Er3+ and Yb3+/Er3+: LWO nanophosphors. The energy transfer mechanism was well explained and substantiated by several fluorescence dynamics of upconversion emission spectra and CIE coordinates. The results demonstrated that the co-doped Yb3+(2 mol%)/Er3+(2 mol%): LWO nanophosphor material is found to be a suitable candidate for the novel upconversion photonic devices.  相似文献   
6.
朱慧军  杨洪磊 《电子测试》2021,(2):57-58,50
对于机械设备的故障运行问题,技术人员应当深入研究机械设备的故障规律,并研究出运行趋势的预测方法,从传感器的检测时间间隔与使用数量等方面加以深入的研究。本文介绍了机械设备运行状态的故障预测方法,并将机械设备运行状态的故障预测方法总结为三个步骤,分别是数据获取、处理与设备寿命预测,结合这些内容,提出了关于机械设备故障运行的一些方法,旨在为相关技术人员提供参考依据。  相似文献   
7.
8.
张立红  肖晓萍  李飞  崔开放 《锻压技术》2021,46(2):136-141,153
采用有限元模拟和实验研究了挤压钛合金弯曲管件。通过实验验证了工件的形状和尺寸精度,并通过有限元模拟分析了工艺参数对挤出过程中变形体的平均压应力分布情况和挤出弯管件的曲率半径的影响规律。结果表明:有限元模拟中,弯管件的曲率半径误差为6.03%,弯管直径误差为3.82%;在靠近定径带处,平均压应力呈非均匀分布;在焊合腔内,靠近细分流孔区域的平均压应力小于靠近粗分流孔区域的平均压应力,平均压应力的大小顺序在通过粗、细分流孔前后相反;在模具结构固定不变时,弯管件的曲率半径随挤压速度的减小而增大,不随挤压温度的变化而变化。  相似文献   
9.
朱宏  张蔚翔  郭成英 《中州煤炭》2021,(11):239-243
为应对电力系统安全分析中的停机问题,基于概率法的方式,将常用的确定停机计算与加入了概率法的概率停机进行比较,研究了二者的区别与其在长期投资方向的不同。在进行电力系统停机分析时,通常会分别从确定停机与概率停机的角度出发,对其应急状态下的潮流进行计算。但前者的方法可能导致极低概率的停机事件被忽略,进而影响长期的资金投资。通过加入概率法的计算,使得对单个停机事件的判定由其具体的频率来确定,增加了系统运行的稳定性。  相似文献   
10.
锰基化合物具备高容量、高能量密度和高工作电压等特性,是水系锌离子电池(AZIBs)商业应用过程中的首选正极材料。然而,材料存在的电导率低、锰溶解、静电斥力效应和结构稳定性差等缺点,严重阻碍其大规模应用。采用表面活性剂辅助溶剂热法成功合成了碳纳米管(CNT)包覆ZnMn2O4/Mn2O3(ZMO/MO)复合材料,并探究了CNT包覆量对材料电化学性能和动力学过程的影响。采用X射线衍射和扫描电子显微镜对材料的结构和形貌进行表征。与纯相ZMO/MO相比,经CNT包覆的正极在0.1 A g-1电流密度下具有良好的循环稳定性和更高的倍率性能。并用循环伏安曲线和电化学阻抗探究了电极的动力学特性,两相复合提高了Zn2 扩散速率,CNT的包覆改善了材料的电荷传递。  相似文献   
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