首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   13132篇
  免费   1614篇
  国内免费   988篇
电工技术   342篇
技术理论   1篇
综合类   934篇
化学工业   1856篇
金属工艺   1825篇
机械仪表   1114篇
建筑科学   100篇
矿业工程   12篇
能源动力   323篇
轻工业   64篇
水利工程   12篇
石油天然气   42篇
武器工业   686篇
无线电   1297篇
一般工业技术   2764篇
冶金工业   162篇
原子能技术   35篇
自动化技术   4165篇
  2024年   11篇
  2023年   322篇
  2022年   386篇
  2021年   389篇
  2020年   434篇
  2019年   409篇
  2018年   251篇
  2017年   379篇
  2016年   292篇
  2015年   357篇
  2014年   756篇
  2013年   1192篇
  2012年   2005篇
  2011年   1910篇
  2010年   1240篇
  2009年   1736篇
  2008年   1225篇
  2007年   592篇
  2006年   336篇
  2005年   311篇
  2004年   171篇
  2003年   174篇
  2002年   196篇
  2001年   167篇
  2000年   163篇
  1999年   85篇
  1998年   41篇
  1997年   51篇
  1996年   44篇
  1995年   25篇
  1994年   41篇
  1993年   17篇
  1992年   22篇
  1991年   2篇
  1989年   2篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 20 毫秒
1.
《Ceramics International》2021,47(23):32915-32926
A novel TiNb fibre with an α-Al2O3 coating was fabricated by cathodic plasma electrolytic deposition (CPED), which has enormous potential for use in intermetallic matrix composites (IMMCs). This study aims to clarify the microstructural evolution of α-Al2O3 coatings on TiNb fibres and to systematically evaluate the mechanical properties of such modified fibres. The results revealed that the CPED process can be divided into three stages as voltage and deposition time increased: gas film formation, spark discharge, and spark fading, where the coating successively underwent local nucleation, uniform deposition, micropore self-sealing, and loose structure formation. The optimum deposition parameters of the deposition voltage of 300–400 V and deposition time of 3–4 min were determined, under which the α-Al2O3 coating combined tightly with the TiNb fibre matrix, micropores were completely self-sealed, and the loose structure and detrimental phase transitions in TiNb were effectively avoided. The fracture strength calculated by the Weibull method suggested that the fracture strength of the modified Al2O3/TiNb fibre was enhanced by more than 30%; this improved strength maintained high stability, benefiting from the intact α-Al2O3 ceramic coating. In particular, the fibre coated at 300 V for 4 min had the highest strength reaching 1620 MPa. The fracture morphology presented marked necking and shear lip characteristics, indicating excellent plasticity.  相似文献   
2.
A series of rare earth zirconates (RE2Zr2O7) high-entropy ceramics with single- and dual-phase structure were prepared. Compared with La2Zr2O7 and Yb2Zr2O7, the smaller “rattling” ions (Yb3+, Er3+, Y3+) have been incorporated into pyrochlore lattice in (La0.2Nd0.2Y0.2Er0.2Yb0.2)2Zr2O7 (LNYEY) while larger ions (La3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Eu3+) incorporated into fluorite lattice in (La0.2Nd0.2Sm0.2Gd0.2Yb0.2)2Zr2O7 (LNSGY). Due to high-entropy lattice distortion and resonant scattering derived from smaller ions Yb3+, Er3+, and Y3+, LNYEY shows a lower glass-like thermal conductivity (1.62-1.59 W m-1 K-1, 100-600℃) than LNSGY (1.74-1.75 W m-1 K-1, 100-600℃). Moreover, LNYEY and LNSGY exhibit enhanced Vickers’ hardness (LNYEY, Hv = 11.47 ± 0.41 GPa; LNSGY, Hv = 10.96 ± 0.26 GPa) and thermal expansion coefficients (LNYEY, 10.45 × 10-6 K-1, 1000℃; LNSGY, 11.02 × 10-6 K-1, 1000℃). These results indicate that dual-phase rare-earth-zirconate high-entropy ceramics could be desirable for thermal barrier coatings.  相似文献   
3.
Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 based textured ceramics (SLTT-S3T) with a texture fraction of 0.81 are successfully fabricated by the reactive template grain growth method, in which Sr0.9La0.1TiO3/20 wt%Ti was used as matrix and 10 wt% plate-like Sr3Ti2O7 template seeds were used as templates. The phase transition, microstructure evolution, and the anisotropic thermoelectric properties of SLTT-S3T ceramics were investigated. The results show that the ceramics are mainly composed of Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 and rutile TiO2 phases. Grains grow with a preferred orientation along (h00). A maximum ZT of 0.26 at 1073 K was achieved in the direction perpendicular to the tape casting direction. The low lattice thermal conductivity of 1.9 W/(m K) at 1073 K was obtained decreased by 34%, 40%, and 38% compared with non-textured, SrTiO3 and Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 ceramics prepared by the same process, can be attributed to the enhanced phonon scattering by the complex multi-scale boundaries and interfaces. This work provides a strategy of microstructural design for thermoelectric oxides to decrease intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity and further regulate thermoelectric properties via texture engineering.  相似文献   
4.
As a novel high energy fuel, aluminum hydride (AlH3) has great potential in the field of solid propellants because of its high hydrogen capacity, which can significantly improve the specific impulse of solid propellants. In order to improve the stability of α-AlH3, hydrochloric acid has been used to stabilize AlH3 and the stabilization mechanism has been investigated. Various characterization techniques including scanning electron microscopy, X-ray electron spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and vacuum stability test have been employed to investigate the morphology, crystal structure, thermal stability, and decomposition kinetics of raw and passivated α-AlH3. The results showed that the honeycomb-like structures could be formed on the surface of α-AlH3 after passivation. First of all, the initial decomposition temperatures of the passivated samples were slightly increased. In particular, for the optimized sample with 105 min passivation time (AlH3-105min), the initial decomposition temperature (173.4 °C) is increased by 5.6 °C. Moreover, the total decomposition time (1652 min) is improved by about 50% than that of the raw sample (1098 min). Besides, the decomposition activation energies (Ea) of passivated samples are much higher than that of the raw sample (84.8 kJ mol?1), in which the optimized sample (AlH3-105min) reaches 107.1 kJ. mol?1. The decomposition kinetics model may change from 3-D nucleation and nucleus growth model to 2-D nucleation and nucleus growth model. It demonstrates the passivated samples have a lower decomposition rate and higher thermal stability. The stabilization mechanism is as follows: removing the impurities on the surface and accelerating the hydrolysis reaction of AlH3 to generate complete and dense oxide layers.  相似文献   
5.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(12):16923-16932
This paper offers a new way of testing the ablation property of material under an oxyacetylene torch using a thin-blade specimen, which costs much less time to reach the maximum temperature and provides a harsh turbulence fluid field that's closer to reality. The thin-blade specimen experiences a higher turbulent intensity than the traditional disk-like specimen, leading to more efficient heat exchange. The fluid field simulation agrees with the testing results. In addition, we manage to synthesize the C/Cx-SiCy composites with the co-deposition chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) method. The C/Cx-SiCy composites exhibit a similar anti-ablation property as C/C composites and consist of enough SiC phase simultaneously, combining the advantages of both C/C composites and C/SiC composites. The thin-blade C/Cx-SiCy composites show a lower linear ablation rate (1.6 μm/s) than C/C composites (4.1 μm/s) and C/SiC composites (19.6 μm/s) during the oxyacetylene test. The glass layer formed on the surface of C/Cx-SiCy could cling to the bulk material instead of peeling off due to the high PyC content in the matrix could protect the SiO2 from blowing away.  相似文献   
6.
For solid oxide fuel cells, an important structural requirement is that the electrolyte layer needs to be dense and the electrode layer porous, which is difficult to obtain by conventional cosintering. In this work, flash cosintering of a double layer structure consisting of a Gd-doped ceria substrate with a lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite nanofibre coating is investigated. Experimental and finite element modelling results reveal that when the LSCF layer is connected to the electrode, the heat is concentrated in the LSCF layer, which leads to a huge temperature gradient and introduces severe cracking. When the LSCF layer is electrically isolated from the electrode, the heat is concentrated in the GDC layer, and the temperature gradient is dramatically reduced. In this situation, the density of GDC can reach 92.86% while a high porosity of 52.26% is maintained in the LSCF layer, which is higher than that of the conventional cosintered sample.  相似文献   
7.
《Ceramics International》2022,48(1):548-555
Silica-based ceramic cores are widely utilized for shaping the internal cooling canals of single crystal superalloy turbine blades. The thermal expansion behavior, creep resistance, and high temperature flexural strength are critical for the quality of turbine blades. In this study, the influence of zircon, particle size distribution, and sintering temperature on the high-temperature performance of silica-based ceramic cores were investigated. The results show that zircon is beneficial for narrowing the contraction temperature range and reducing the shrinkage, improving the creep resistance and high-temperature flexural strength significantly. Mixing coarse, medium and fine fused silica powders in a ratio of 5:3:2, not only reduced high temperature contraction, but effectively improved the creep resistance. Properly increasing the sintering temperature can slightly reduce the thermal deformation and improve the high-temperature flexural strength of the silica-based core, but excessively high sintering temperature negatively impacts the creep resistance and high-temperature flexural strength.  相似文献   
8.
In actual engineering scenarios, limited fault data leads to insufficient model training and over-fitting, which negatively affects the diagnostic performance of intelligent diagnostic models. To solve the problem, this paper proposes a variational information constrained generative adversarial network (VICGAN) for effective machine fault diagnosis. Firstly, by incorporating the encoder into the discriminator to map the deep features, an improved generative adversarial network with stronger data synthesis capability is established. Secondly, to promote the stable training of the model and guarantee better convergence, a variational information constraint technique is utilized, which constrains the input signals and deep features of the discriminator using the information bottleneck method. In addition, a representation matching module is added to impose restrictions on the generator, avoiding the mode collapse problem and boosting the sample diversity. Two rolling bearing datasets are utilized to verify the effectiveness and stability of the presented network, which demonstrates that the presented network has an admirable ability in processing fault diagnosis with few samples, and performs better than state-of-the-art approaches.  相似文献   
9.
Composites based on hafnium carbide and reinforced with continuous naked carbon fiber with and without PyC interface were prepared at low temperature by precursor infiltration and pyrolysis and chemical vapor deposition method. The microstructure, mechanical property, cyclic ablation and fiber bundle push-in tests of the composites were investigated. The results show that after three times ablation cycles, the bending strength of samples without PyC interface decreased by 63.6 %; the bending strength of samples with PyC interface only decreased by 37.8 %. The force displacement curve of the samples with PyC interface presented a well pseudoplastic deformation state. The mechanical behavior difference of two kinds of composites was due to crucial function of PyC interface phase including protection of fiber and weakening of fiber/matrix interface.  相似文献   
10.
支承或连接构件对梁结构的动力学性能有至关重要影响,必须保证其在振动过程中不发生破坏或者失效。通过合理设计和布局附加弹性支承可以实现对这些重要连接构件所承受约束反力的控制。应用微分变换法推导含附加支承的梁结构支承约束反力及其对于附加支承位置和刚度的灵敏度表达式,并通过优化设计附加支承位置和刚度实现具有弹性约束端的简支梁结构各支承约束反力的平衡,可提高结构的动力学性能。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号