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1.
A novel fully differential digitally programmable current conveyor (DPCCII) is presented in this paper. The programmability of the proposed DPCCII is achieved using three‐bit MOS R‐2R ladder current division network. The DPCCII is used to realize a field programmable analog array (FPAA). The FPAA consists of seven configurable analog blocks arranged in a hexagonal form. The FPAA power consumption is 72.3 mW from 1 V voltage supply. A second‐order programmable universal filter is realized using the proposed FPAA as an application. All the circuits are realized and simulated using 90 nm IBM CMOS technology model under balanced supply voltage of ±0.5 V. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
2.
Certain problems in the existing treatment of the stability of charge‐pump phase‐locked loops are identified and addressed in this work. New results concerning the instability, stability, and asymptotic stability of charge‐pump phase‐locked loops are obtained by means of Lyapunov's direct and indirect methods. Closer consideration of the local dynamics provides further insight into the system's patterns of behavior. In particular, the influence of circuit parameters on the nature of the steady‐state orbits is investigated. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
3.
We present technical characteristics of the equipment used in the PGU-180 power units of the Adler thermal power station (a branch of OGK-2) commissioned in November 2012 after the entire power plant had successfully passed an integrated test, including qualification of the entire power plant’s capacity and tests aimed at determining the guaranteed characteristics.  相似文献   
4.
An interleaved half‐bridge converter is presented for high input voltage application. The features of the proposed converter are zero voltage switching (ZVS) turn‐on for all active switches, ripple current reduction at output side, load current sharing and load voltage regulation. Two half‐bridge converters connected in series and two split capacitors are used to limit the voltage stress of each power switch at one‐half of input DC bus voltage. Thus, active switches with low voltage stress can be used at high input voltage application. On the other hand, the output sides of two half‐bridge converters are connected in parallel to share the load current and reduce the current stresses of the secondary windings and the rectifier diodes. Since two half‐bridge converters are operated with interleaved pulse‐width modulation (PWM), the output ripple current can partially cancel each other such that the resultant ripple current at output side is reduced and the size of output inductors can be reduced. In each half‐bridge converter, asymmetrical PWM scheme is used to regulate the output voltage. Based on the resonant behavior by the output capacitance of MOSFETs and the leakage inductance (or external inductance) of transformers, active switches can be turned on at ZVS during the transition interval. Thus, the switching losses of power MOSFETs are reduced. The proposed converter can be applied for high input voltage applications such as three‐phase 380‐V utility system. Finally, experiments based on a laboratory prototype with 960‐W rated power are provided to demonstrate the performance of proposed converter. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
5.
6.
A new and straightforward design procedure for simple canonical topologies of allpole, active‐RC, low‐selectivity band‐pass (BP) filters, with low sensitivity to component tolerances is presented. The procedure is primarily intended for discrete‐component, low‐power filter applications using just one amplifier for relatively high‐order filters. The design procedure starts out with an ‘optimized’ low‐pass (LP) prototype filter, yielding an ‘optimized’ BP filter, whereby the wealth of ‘optimized’ single‐amplifier LP filter designs can be exploited. Using a so‐called ‘lossy’ LP–BP transformation, closed‐form design equations for the design of second‐ to eighth‐order, single‐amplifier BP filters are presented. The low sensitivity, low power consumption, and low noise features of the resulting circuits, as well as the influence of the finite gain‐bandwidth product and component spread, are demonstrated for the case of a fourth‐order filter example. The optimized single‐opamp fourth‐order filter is compared with other designs, such as the cascade of optimized Biquads. Using PSpice with a TL081 opamp model, the filter performance is simulated and the results compared and verified with measurements of a discrete‐component breadboard filter using 1% resistors, 1% capacitors, and a TL081 opamp. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
7.
Square‐root domain universal biquad topologies are introduced in this paper. One of them is single input multiple output, while the other one is multiple input single output biquad. Important benefits offered by the proposed topologies are the electronic adjustment of the resonant frequency and the capability for operating in a low‐voltage environment; also, the resonant frequency could be adjusted without disturbing the Q factor and vice‐versa. Simulation results using the Spectre simulator of the Analog Design Environment of Cadence software validate the correct operation of the proposed topologies and provide important performance characteristics. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
8.
基于经验模态分解的光纤陀螺随机序列平稳化处理   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用AR模型等时间序列分析方法对光纤陀螺随机误差进行建模前需要对传感器输出序列进行平稳化检验和处理.引入经验模态分解法,对低精度光纤陀螺输出序列进行平稳化处理,采用逆序法检验平稳化处理的效果,引入偏态和峰态系数对随机系列进行正态性检验,并与小波分析等方法进行比较实验.结果表明:经验模态分解法不仅能有效去除陀螺输出信号的...  相似文献   
9.
单Sink节点无线传感网存在部分关键区域节点能量消耗过快、路由选择算法单一及Sink节点失效的问题.多Sink节点无线传感网能有效解决上述问题,研究多Sink节点传感网的路由协议及其存在的不足,提出了一种基于Q学习的路由选择机制.利用该学习方法节点综合考虑各种环境因素,进行周期性的学习训练,优化路径选择,最后按照计算得...  相似文献   
10.
We reflect on the methods, activities and perspectives we used to situate digital storytelling in two rural African communities in South Africa and Kenya. We demonstrate how in-depth ethnography in a village in the Eastern Cape of South Africa and a design workshop involving participants from that village allowed us to design a prototype mobile digital storytelling system suited to the needs of rural, oral users. By leveraging our prototype as a probe and observing villagers using it in two villages in South Africa and Kenya, we uncovered implications for situating digital storytelling within those communities. Finally, we distil observations relevant to localizing storytelling and their implications for transferring design into a different community.  相似文献   
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