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1.
夏敏浩  赵万剑  王骏 《中州煤炭》2022,(7):189-194,200
为了提高配电网差异化节能降耗效果,解决现有潜力评估方法存在的应用性能差的问题,提出碳中和背景下配电网差异化节能降耗潜力优化评估方法。根据配电网的空间结构,构建相应的等值电路模型。在该模型下,从设备损耗和运行附加损耗2个方面计算配电网的损耗量。根据损耗量计算结果,确定配电网差异化碳中和节能降耗方式。从静态和动态2个角度设置潜力评估指标,通过指标数据处理、指标权重求解等步骤,得出配电网差异化节能降耗潜力的综合量化评估结果。将设计潜力评估方法应用到配电网的差异化节能降耗改造工作中,能够有效降低配电网的实际线损量、降低区域损耗费用,并具有较高的应用价值。  相似文献   
2.
许德骅  熊德天  吴昊 《包装工程》2022,43(4):189-196, 250
目的 针对章水泉竹艺非物质文化遗产在目前所遭遇的传承困境,利用数字媒体技术与互联网平台,打造推动其产品创新与文化传承的APP,助力其文化与产品的传播与推广,进而为湖北地区的非遗文化发展提供参考。方法 从章水泉竹器的本源出发,对其主要产品门类、工艺特点与艺术形式进行整理与分类,分析制约其传承与发展的主要原因,进而提出设计策略,并通过数字化传承、合作创新、成果推广3个策略模块针对性地进行APP设计。结论 章水泉竹艺APP设计通过利用数字媒体技术与互联网平台优势,将其历史与工艺资料进行数字化保存与展示,实现了文化保护功能;将其传统技艺与新锐设计思维通过线上平台进行融合与创新,实现了设计创新功能;将其制作流程与文化精髓通过直播与精准推送展现于公众视野,实现了产品推广功能。最终,为章水泉竹艺的传承与推广提供了新的路径。  相似文献   
3.
倪泰乐  冉然  祁娜  赵丽  陈彧 《包装工程》2022,43(22):125-133
目的 将数字化服务融入老年患者就诊流程,建立适老化就诊等待服务系统,在APP开发设计研究中实现软件流程优化。方法 依据ERG理论对老年患者在就诊等待过程中的需求点进行分类整理和层次划分。调研目标用户将分析结果融入服务设计理论,为指导软件开发所涉及的医院就诊流程、用户需求痛点,提出系统性的解决策略。基于交互设计原则展开APP界面设计。结论 构建了以老年患者为中心的就诊等待服务系统,帮助提升其等待过程中的自我效能。完善了基于产品使用方式层级的适老化就诊等待服务APP设计策略,为适老化、数字化产品研发提供了新思路;最终产出APP设计实例,提高了老年群体社会参与度,鼓励老年患者自主就诊,帮助其更加轻松地享受信息化时代带来的红利。  相似文献   
4.
电子雷管技术提高了爆破器材的本质安全。通过对电子雷管技术发展历程的介绍,对其推广应用的可行性进行了深入分析,论述了电子雷管技术的推广应用对爆破器材安全管理工作的促进作用,并提出了今后推广应用中还需加强的工作。  相似文献   
5.
《工程爆破》2022,(4):78-84
介绍了在包头市某工程实施管道穿越黄河施工中,采用爆破法处理卡钻的经验。针对深水环境条件及钻杆内径小不宜采用集团装药的条件,确定采用"小直径爆破筒,钻杆内部装药"的爆破方案,阐述了爆破设计及施工注意事项。可供类似工程参考。  相似文献   
6.
Natural hydrogen exploration is now active in various places of the world. Onshore, correlation between natural H2 generation and the presence of iron rich rocks especially from Archean and Neoproterozoic cratons have been observed. Emanations and accumulations of H2 have already been confirmed in such geological settings in Australia, South Africa and Brazil. The geological similitude and the presence of numerous sub circular depressions that are a good proxy for hydrogen emanations suggest that hydrogen resources may also exist in Namibia. We present here the results of a data acquisition campaign which allowed us to confirm the presence of natural hydrogen in this country in the vicinity of Neoproterozoic Banded Iron Formation. The H2 content in the soil, as in Brazil, is variable within the depressions in time and space and is particularly time sensitive across the day. Comparison of the H2 signal versus time within these two regions shows a similar behavior of the soils with an increase of the H2 flow at the middle of the day. In addition, these new data allow us to better constrain the morphological characteristics of such H2-emiting depressions. By using satellite images and digital elevation model we propose a new proxy to differentiate potentially H2-emiting features from other type of depressions such as Salt Pan. The Landsat multispectral images and their processing through NDVI and SAVI indexes, that highlight a ring of healthy vegetation around the sub circular area with scarce vegetation already observed appear able to discriminate between H2 emitting structures and other soft depressions.  相似文献   
7.
The fuel cell/battery durability and hybrid system stability are major considerations for the power management of fuel cell hybrid electric bus (FCHEB) operating on complicated driving conditions. In this paper, a real time nonlinear adaptive control (NAC) with stability analyze is formulated for power management of FCHEB. Firstly, the mathematical model of hybrid power system is analyzed, which is established for control-oriented design. Furthermore, the NAC-based strategy with quadratic Lyapunov function is set up to guarantee the stability of closed-loop power system, and the power split between fuel cell and battery is controlled with the durability consideration. Finally, two real-time power management strategies, state machine control (SMC) and fuzzy logic control (FLC), are implemented to evaluate the performance of NAC-based strategy, and the simulation results suggest that the guaranteed stability of NAC-based strategy can efficiently prolong fuel cell/battery lifespan and provide better fuel consumption economy for FCHEB.  相似文献   
8.
In this study, some locations with different climates, off-grid zero energy buildings with hydrogen energy storage systems are designed, and transient analysis is conducted. These considered buildings supply their electricity consumption without using the electrical grid and PV panels or wind turbines. Also, they supply thermal comfort to occupants by using a vapor compression chiller and humidifier. Domestic hot water of occupants is supplied using solar collectors. For analyzing building's performance and objectives achievement, TRNSYS software is used. Also, for evaluating occupant thermal comfort, the Fanger model is used. The considered building is a one-story building with a 150 m2 area. Four occupants are considered. Both of them are seated at rest, and another is seated with light working such as typing. Using the Fanger model equation and MATLAB software, the thermal comfort of occupants is determined. For domestic hot water consumption, verified profiles that vary during 24 h of the day are considered. Achieved results show that for humid and cold cities, PV panels with an area of 73 and 76 m2 can be supplied the required electricity of considered building with four occupants and battery state of charge is higher than 50% and 10%, respectively. Moreover, with a suitable air conditioner system, the predicted percentage of dissatisfied (PPD) can be lower than 12% and 8% for humid and cold cities. Therefore, the building can be converted to a zero-energy building using its rooftop area.  相似文献   
9.
To improve the safety of wet dust removal systems for processing magnesium-based alloys, a new method is proposed for preventing hydrogen generation. In this paper, hydrogen generation by Mg–Zn alloy dust was inhibited with six common metal corrosion inhibitors. The results showed that sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate was the best hydrogen inhibitor, while CeCl3 enhanced hydrogen precipitation. The film-forming stability of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate was tested with different contents, temperatures, Cl? concentrations and perturbation rates. The results showed that this inhibitor formed stable protective films on the surfaces of Mg–Zn alloy particles, and adsorption followed the Langmuir adsorption model.  相似文献   
10.
The H2 storage properties of isoreticular metal-organic framework materials (IRMOFs), MOF-5 and IRMOF-10, impregnated with different numbers and types of heterogeneous C48B12 molecules were investigated using density functional theory and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) calculations. The excess hydrogen adsorption isotherms of IRMOFs at 77 K within 20 bar indicate that suitable number and type of C48B12 molecules play a crucial role in improving the H2 storage properties of IRMOFs. Among the studied pure and nC48B12 (n = 1, 2, 4, 8) in Ci symmetry impregnating into MOF-5, at 77 K under 6 bar, MOF-5-4C48B12 with a 3.5 wt% and 29.9 g/L hydrogen storage density, and at 77 K under 12 bar, the pure MOF-5 with a 4.9 wt% and 31.0 g/L hydrogen storage density has the best hydrogen storage properties. Whereas, among the studied pure and nC48B12 (n = 1, 2, 4, 8) in S6 symmetry impregnating into IRMOF-10, IRMOF-10-8C48B12 always shows the best hydrogen storage properties among the pure and C48B12-impregnated IRMOF-10 at 77 K within 20 bar. IRMOF-10-8C48B12 has a 6.0 wt% and 34.6 g/L hydrogen storage density at 77 K under 6 bar, and has a 7.1 wt% and 41.4 g/L hydrogen storage density at 77 K under 12 bar. The confinement effect of IRMOFs on C48B12 molecules, and steric hindrance effect of C48B12 molecules on IRMOFs mainly affects the H2 uptake capacity by comparing the absolute H2 molecules in individual IRMOFs units, C48B12 molecules, and IRMOFs-nC48B12 compounds. The absolute hydrogen adsorption profiles show that eight C48B12 molecules impregnating into MOF-5 can exert obvious steric effects for H2 adsorption. The saturated gravimetric and volumetric H2 densities of IRMOF-10-8C48B12 higher than those of MOF-5-8C48B12 due to with larger free volume.  相似文献   
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