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1.
论缓解我国钾源短缺问题的新对策   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:63       下载免费PDF全文
 本文针对我国钾源短缺的国情,分析了夺取作物高产的传统对策。根据国内外植物营养遗传生理学的研究进展,提出了充分利用我国丰富的种质资源,运用现代遗传育种技术,选育和推广耐低钾优良品种是缓解我国钾源短缺问题的最好途径之一。并根据钾素生理功能的特点,提出了用钙钠等部分替代钾的可能性。  相似文献
2.
Mg-Ni基储氢合金的研究进展与发展趋势   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
系统阐述了近年来Mg-Ni基储氢合金的研究开发概况,指出Mg-Ni基储氢合金具有放电容量高、资源丰富、价格低廉等突出优点,分析了影响Mg-Ni基储氢合金储氢性能的主要因素,总结了近年来采用的行之有效的改进方法,主要有制备非晶/纳米晶、元素替代、添加催化剂等,并对Mg-Ni基储氢合金今后的发展方向进行了探讨与展望,指出Mg-Ni基储氢合金虽然前景可观,但是要实现实际应用仍然存在一些问题需要解决。  相似文献
3.
A series of LaNi1?xTixO3 perovskite catalysts varying titanium (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6 and 1.0) are synthesized and investigated using BET, XRD, TPR, TEM, FT-IR and XPS. The catalysts were evaluated for oxy-carbon dioxide reforming of methane at 800 °C under atmospheric pressure maintaining CO2/CH4/O2 ratio 0.8/1.0/0.2. LaNi0.5Ti0.5O3 is showing typical stability with gradual H2 consumption in TPR. The stability of these catalysts is supported by O 1s binding energies wherein it is clearly evident that incorporation of Ti stabilized LaNiO3 generating suitable catalysts in the range of x = 0.4–0.6 with high performance.  相似文献
4.
Thin films of Mg2−xAlxNi alloys have been prepared by magnetron sputtering, and the effects of partial substitution of Al for Mg on the electrochemical properties of the films were studied. EIS results indicate the rate-limiting process for the thin film hydride electrode is the charge transfer reaction during the process of total discharge. A theoretical model has been derived for the impedance of a thin film hydride electrode based upon the assumption that hydrogen diffusion is neglected in the electrode. The charge-transfer reaction rate at the electrode surface and hydrogen diffusivity in the Mg2−xAlxNi thin film hydride electrodes were observed to initially decrease then increase with increasing Al content. Results from capacitance measurements indicate n-type semiconductor properties for the corrosion layer during the charge–discharge process. Hydrogen atom and OH transfer became more difficult with increasing Al content until x = 0.3, after which a significant drop in the barrier resistance was observed.  相似文献
5.
We carried out the partial substitution of the B-site in BaFeO3−δ perovskite with divalent cations to develop novel oxygen-permeable materials. We demonstrated that the partial substitution of Cu or Ni by more than 10% resulted in the stabilization of the cubic perovskite structure even at room temperature in a highly oxygen-permeable phase, as revealed by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The Cu substitution was more effective for the stabilization, because the introduction of Cu in the lattice more effectively made the Goldschmidt tolerance factor (t) close to 1.0. Ni- and Cu-substituted BaFeO3−δ membranes showed higher oxygen permeabilities than their parent BaFeO3−δ membranes particularly at lower temperatures around 600-700 °C owing to the stabilization of the cubic phase. Among the fabricated membranes, a BaFe0.85Cu0.15O3−δ membrane (1.0 mm thickness) showed the highest oxygen permeation flux (1.8 cm3 min−1 cm−2 at 930 °C) under an air/He gradient. The results indicated that Cu-substituted BaFeO3-δ is promising as a material for Co-free membranes with high oxygen permeabilities.  相似文献
6.
It has been argued by some that the substitution of biofuels for gasoline could increase greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, rather than reduce them. The increase is attributed to the indirect land use change effects of planting new grain and corn crops around the world to replace those progressively being devoted to ethanol production. In this paper, indirect effects are minimised by allowing land to be used for both food and fuel, rather than for one or the other. We present a sugarcane ‘feed+fuel’ biorefinery, which produces bioethanol and yeast biomass, a source of single-cell protein (SCP), that can be used as a high-protein animal feed supplement. The yeast SCP can partially substitute for grass in the feed of cattle grazing on pasture and thereby potentially release land for increased sugarcane production, with minimal land use change effects. Applying the concept conservatively to the Brazilian ethanol and livestock industry our model demonstrates that it would be technically feasible to raise ethanol production threefold from the current level of 27 GL to over 92 GL. The extra ethanol would meet biofuel market mandates in the US without bringing any extra land into agricultural or pastoral use. The analysis demonstrates a viable way to increase biofuel and food production by linking two value chains as called for by industrial ecology studies.  相似文献
7.
关键链上受限资源的优化调度,能有效提高系统运作效率,是关键链项目管理的重要研究方向之一.但现有研究主要针对资源能否更新,较少考虑资源的可替代性.针对此,研究了关键链上可被部分替代的受限资源调度问题,以达到提高资源利用率、降低成本等目的.采用α/β/γ三元组方法,将研究的问题描述为以最小化滞后时间和为目标,具有机器适用限制的并行异速机调度问题,并建立对应的数学模型;运用混合重调度策略和改进粒子群算法进行了算法设计;设计了仿真算例,并通过算法比较表明该方法在求解结果和问题求解规模上显著优于传统PSO、GA算法.  相似文献
8.
为证明经典变分原理中存在反映的规律为本构关系的变分原理,从非线性弹性动力学的基本方程出发,应用变积方法建立非线性弹性动力学Hamilton原理.再应用对合变换法、Lagrange乘子法和局部代入法,将Hamilton原理变换为本构变分原理.论证了该变分原理反映的规律为本构关系,本研究以非线性材料为例,找到了一个新的材料本构关系的获得途径,为数值建模提供了理论依据.研究结果表明,补充和完善了经典变分原理中对3类基本规律的反映,即:最小势能原理反映的规律为平衡关系、最小余能原理反映的规律为连续关系和本构变分原理反映的规律为本构关系.  相似文献
9.
In the past years, hybrid perovskite materials have attracted great attention due to their superior optoelectronic properties. In this study, the authors report the utilization of cobalt (Co2+) to partially substitute lead (Pb2+) for developing novel hybrid perovskite materials, CH3NH3Pb1‐xCoxI3 (where x is nominal ratio, x = 0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4). It is found that the novel perovskite thin films possess a cubic crystal structure with superior thin film morphology and larger grain size, which is significantly different from pristine thin film, which possesses the tetragonal crystal structure, with smaller grain size. Moreover, it is found that the 3d orbital of Co2+ ensures higher electron mobilities and electrical conductivities of the CH3NH3Pb1‐xCoxI3 thin films than those of pristine CH3NH3Pb4 thin film. As a result, a power conversion efficiency of 21.43% is observed from perovskite solar cells fabricated by the CH3NH3Pb0.9Co0.1I3 thin film. Thus, the utilization of Co, partially substituting for Pb to tune physical properties of hybrid perovskite materials provides a facile way to boost device performance of perovskite solar cells.  相似文献
10.
文章通过分析湖南与津巴布韦在烤烟生产上存在的差距,提出了对湖南部分替代进口烟叶工作的思考。  相似文献
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