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The features of unsteady flow such as pressure variation and fluctuation in a large hydraulic turbine usually lead to the instability of operation.This article reports the recent in site investigation concerning the characteristic frequencies in pressure fluctuation,shaft torsional oscillation and structural vibration of a prototype 700 MW Francis turbine unit.The investigation was carried out for a wide load range of 200 MW-700 MW in the condition of water head 57 m-90 m.An extensive analysis of both time-history and frequency data of these unsteady hydraulic behaviours was conducted.It was observed that the pressure fluctuation in a draft tube is stronger than that in upstream flow passage.The low frequency with about one third of rotation frequency is dominative for the pressure fluctuation in part load range.Also the unsteady features of vibration of head cover and torsional oscillation of shaft exhibited the similar features.Numerical analysis showed that the vibration and oscillation are caused by vortex rope in the draft tube.In addition,a strong vibration with special characteristic frequency was observed for the head cover in middle load range.The pressure fluctuation in the draft tube with the same frequency was also recorded.Because this special vibration has appeared in the designed normal running condition,it should be avoided by carefully allocating power load in the future operation.  相似文献
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嘉兴市降水量变化特征分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
分析了地处杭嘉湖平原的嘉兴市1951—2005年共55a的自然降水量变化特征,主要包括年际动态的总体变化特征、丰枯年分配特征和季节变化特征、以及该市具体旱涝特征年的分析,并对其频率进行了计算。分析结果表明,全市多年年平均降水量为1188.0mm,最大降水量达1805.3mm,最小仅724.7mm;降水量的年内分布以5~7月为主,占全年总降水量的41.8%。  相似文献
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文章以伊春市各基本行政区为计算单元,利用1965—2011年全市各雨量站实测降雨资料,对全市及各行政区多年平均降水量的变化规律及特征进行了计算分析,得出了区域年降水量多年均值、年内分配特征、频率分布、年际变化规律等统计指标值。分析成果细化了全市降水量的地域分布特征,为进一步做好区域水资源分析评价工作奠定了基础。  相似文献
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本文分析了熊岳河暴雨洪水的成因、洪水特征,对熊岳水文站近50年的实测洪水资料进行了分析,计算出了不同频率设计洪水,可为熊岳城及熊岳河段的防洪规划、洪水预报等提供依据.  相似文献
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为了能在大尺度范围内获得岩溶塌陷典型调查区覆盖层的厚度,采用微动法对柳州市柳城县东泉公社幅岩溶塌陷重点调查区进行了野外观测,并对调查区内已知的56处钻孔进行微动观测,提取特征频率,结合钻孔资料得出覆盖层厚度与特征频率的函数关系满足h =62.5/f。利用此函数关系,结合岩溶塌陷调查区野外微动实测数据提取的特征频率反演出覆盖层厚度。结果表明:该方法的尝试初步见效,经济快捷、适应性强、值得推广,特别适用于大尺度范围内调查岩溶塌陷区域覆盖层厚度分布,结合研究区的地质信息,可以在区域内对岩溶塌陷易发区做一个简单的评价。  相似文献
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