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1.
In future power grids where electricity flows bidirectionally, the essential problem is to maximize the total efficiency of distributed energy resources. In complicated and large‐scale systems such as modern power distribution networks, maximizing the efficiency of the entire system as a whole is extremely difficult. To solve the global optimization problem of such a complex network, this paper proposes an efficient distributed control method for future grid on the basis of tie‐set graph theory, where a tie‐set is a set of all the edges in a loop of a graph. On the basis of tie‐set graph theory, global optimization of an entire network can be realized as a result of local optimization in μ‐dimensional liner vector space, where μ is the nullity of the underlying graph of a power network. Although each tie‐set has its limited local information, an entire network is gradually optimized in an orderly manner because of the theoretical basis of a tie‐set graph. Simulation results of several thousand‐node networks demonstrate balanced allocation of dispersed energy resources and thus effectiveness of the proposed method. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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3.
Binary decision diagrams (BDDs) are the most frequently used data structure for the representation and handling of Boolean functions because of their excellent time and space efficiencies. In this article, a reversed BDD‐based pass transistor logic (PTL) logic synthesis is presented for low‐power and high‐performance circuits without exploiting the canonical property of BDDs. The procedure of the reversed BDD transformation into PTL is achieved by a one‐to‐one correspondence with the BDD node and PTL cell. Layouts are generated for the benchmark circuits and simulated in terms of power dissipation, propagation delay and area. The reversed BDD technique performs better in terms of area, delay and power dissipation due to the regularity, a reduced critical path, less interconnection wires, a multiplexer‐based construction of PTL circuits, and less switching activities. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
4.
A new and straightforward design procedure for simple canonical topologies of allpole, active‐RC, low‐selectivity band‐pass (BP) filters, with low sensitivity to component tolerances is presented. The procedure is primarily intended for discrete‐component, low‐power filter applications using just one amplifier for relatively high‐order filters. The design procedure starts out with an ‘optimized’ low‐pass (LP) prototype filter, yielding an ‘optimized’ BP filter, whereby the wealth of ‘optimized’ single‐amplifier LP filter designs can be exploited. Using a so‐called ‘lossy’ LP–BP transformation, closed‐form design equations for the design of second‐ to eighth‐order, single‐amplifier BP filters are presented. The low sensitivity, low power consumption, and low noise features of the resulting circuits, as well as the influence of the finite gain‐bandwidth product and component spread, are demonstrated for the case of a fourth‐order filter example. The optimized single‐opamp fourth‐order filter is compared with other designs, such as the cascade of optimized Biquads. Using PSpice with a TL081 opamp model, the filter performance is simulated and the results compared and verified with measurements of a discrete‐component breadboard filter using 1% resistors, 1% capacitors, and a TL081 opamp. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
5.
This paper presents a general framework for identifying the optimum wind capacity to be integrated in a power system with interconnection lines. Wind generation is treated as negative demand, together with the load demand, which must be covered by the conventional power generation and the energy interchange with neighboring systems. Under the presumption that the time-varying wind and load together with the trading price with neighboring systems could be statistically modeled by specified probability distributions, a chance constrained programming (CCP) model is formulated to address the wind capacity planning problem. The objective is to maximize the yearly net profit of the entire power system subject to the operational constraints and the reliability requirement. Wind power curtailment and load shedding are allowed to improve the system flexibility but incur penalty costs. The optimization problem is solved using a hybrid intelligence algorithm incorporating Monte Carlo simulations, a neural network and a genetic algorithm. The feasibility of the proposed approach is verified by a case study on a given power system.  相似文献   
6.
This paper provides a probabilistic method to assess the impact of wind turbines (WTs) integration into distribution networks within a market environment. Combined Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) technique and market-based optimal power flow (OPF) are used to maximize the social welfare by integrating demand side management (DSM) scheme considering different combinations of wind generation and load demand over a year. MCS is used to model the uncertainties related to the stochastic variations of wind power generation and load demand. The market-based OPF is solved by using step-controlled primal dual interior point method considering network constraints. The method is conceived for distribution network operators (DNOs) in order to evaluate the effect of WTs integration into the network. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated with an 84-bus 11.4 kV radial distribution system.  相似文献   
7.
实用稳压电源电路设计   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文设计了一种具有多路稳定输出功能的直流稳压电源,通过Multisim8软件对其交直流转换特性、平滑滤波等性能进行了仿真优化,因而有效降低了电网电压波动与负载变化的干扰与影响.  相似文献   
8.
分析车用HID灯的启动及过渡过程,提出一种HID灯控制器控制策略,内置单片机微处理器,能自动识别冷热灯类型,并藉此做出对应的控制策略,给出控制器设计思路,分析电路图原图,讨论软件控制流程编写算法,并给出流程图.样机测试效果良好,性能稳定.  相似文献   
9.
GPRS在电力监控系统中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
随着移动通汛技术的发展,GPRS也被应用到电力监控系统中来.本文分析了GPRS技术应用于电力监控系统的优缺点,提出了利用GPRS对电力系统进行监控的方案.  相似文献   
10.
针对卟啉传感阵列(PSA)图像中卟啉点阵列可能发生倾斜的现象,设计了一种自动校正算法.算法之初对图像进行滤波、对比度增强操作,并求得图像的二值形态学边界,利用此二值边界图像作为求取倾斜角度运算的输入,减少了噪声的影响,同时也降低了时间的花费;而后利用radon变换与功率谱结合的方法来求取倾斜角度,解决了单纯的radon...  相似文献   
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