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基于边界力的Mean-Shift 核窗宽自适应算法   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
覃 剑  曾孝平  李勇明 《软件学报》2009,20(7):1726-1734
针对Mean-Shift(中值漂移)算法中核函数带宽不能实时改变的缺陷,提出一种基于边界力的Mean-Shift核函数带宽自适应更新算法.在分析目标加权核直方图模型的基础上,引入区域似然度以提取目标的局部信息.然后,比较相邻帧间的区域似然度并构建边界力.通过对边界力的计算,得到边界点的位置,进而自适应地更新核函数带宽.实验结果表明,这些工作改善了Mean-Shift 算法在目标尺度和形态发生变化时的跟踪效果,并且可以满足实时性的需要.  相似文献
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A unified framework to derive discrete time-marching schemes for the coupling of immersed solid and elastic objects to the lattice Boltzmann method is presented. Based on operator splitting for the discrete Boltzmann equation, second-order time-accurate schemes for the immersed boundary method, viscous force coupling and external boundary force are derived. Furthermore, a modified formulation of the external boundary force is introduced that leads to a more accurate no-slip boundary condition. The derivation also reveals that the coupling methods can be cast into a unified form, and that the immersed boundary method can be interpreted as the limit of force coupling for vanishing particle mass. In practice, the ratio between fluid and particle mass determines the strength of the force transfer in the coupling. The integration schemes formally improve the accuracy of first-order algorithms that are commonly employed when coupling immersed objects to a lattice Boltzmann fluid. It is anticipated that they will also lead to superior long-time stability in simulations of complex fluids with multiple scales.  相似文献
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